Alternatîva ji bo Almanyayê

Ji Wîkîpediya, ensîklopediya azad.
Alternatîva ji bo Almanyayê
Alternative für Deutschland
HevserokJörg Meuthen
Cîgirê HevserokêAlexander Gauland
Beatrix von Storch
Albrecht Glaser
Damezrandin6ê sibatê 2013(2013-02-06)
SergehSchillstraße 9 10785 Berlin
Baskê ciwananAlternatîva Ciwan ji bo Almanyayê
Endam  (2017)Zêdebûn 26,000 [1]
Rastgirên gelperweriyê[5]
gumankeriya ser Ewropayê[6]
Kevneperestiya netewî[6][7]
Azadîxwazên Aborî[8]
Helwesta siyasîBaskên rastgir[9][10][11][12][13]
Rastgirên tund[14][15][16]
Alîgirên ewropayêNetû
Civîna ewropayêEFDD,
Reng     Şînê vebûyî
81 / 736
Parlamena dewletê
228 / 1884
Parlamena Ewropa
9 / 96

Alternatîva ji bo Almanyayê (bi almanî: Alternative für Deutschland) an jî bi kurte AfD partiya siyasî ya Almanyayê bi helwesta îdeolojiya rastgirên gelperweriyê[17][18][19] û gumankeriya ser Ewropayê[20][21][22][23] ye.

Çavkanî[biguhêre | çavkaniyê biguhêre]

  1. ^ "AfD will mit nationalistischer und sozialer Politik punkten". AfD. 9 Adar 2017. {{cite web}}: Nirxên tarîxê kontrol bike: |tarîx= (alîkarî)
  2. ^ Taub, Amanda; Fisher, Max (18 kanûna paşîn 2017). "Germany's Extreme Right Challenges Guilt Over Nazi Past". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "Understanding the 'Alternative for Germany': Origins, Aims and Consequences" (PDF). University of Denver. 16 çiriya paşîn 2016. Roja gihiştinê 29 nîsan 2017.
  4. ^ Beyer, Susanne; Fleischhauer, Jan (30 adar 2016). "AfD Head Frauke Petry: 'The Immigration of Muslims Will Change Our Culture'". Der Spiegel.
  5. ^ "Germany's populist AfD: from anti-euro to anti-migrant". France 24. Ji orîjînalê di 14 adar 2016 de hat arşîvkirin. Roja gihiştinê 13 adar 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Parties and Election in Europe". 2014.
  7. ^ Simon Franzmann (2015). "The Failed Struggle for Office Instead of Votes". Bi Gabriele D'Ottavio; Thomas Saalfeld (edîtor). Germany After the 2013 Elections: Breaking the Mould of Post-Unification Politics?. Ashgate. rr. 166–167. ISBN 978-1-4724-4439-4.
  8. ^ Lees, Charles (2015). "The AfD: what kind of alternative for Germany?" (PDF). Political Studies Association: 10–11. {{cite journal}}: Ji bo journal parametreya |journal= hewce ye (alîkarî)
  9. ^ Germany's right-wing AfD party surges to new high amid concern over refugees.
    'Germany’s eurosceptic right-wing party has hit a new all-time high in the opinion polls as concern about migration rises in the country'.
    Independent. Author – Jon Stone. Published 13 January 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  10. ^ Right-wing German party Alternative for Germany adopts anti-Islam policy.
    'The right-wing Alternative for Germany party declared that "Islam does not belong in Germany" as it passed its new party manifesto on Sunday'.
    Author – Anne-Beatrice Clasmann.
    The Sydney Morning Herald. Published 2 May 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  11. ^ Germany AfD conference: party adopts anti-Islam policy.
    'The German right-wing party Alternative fuer Deutschland (AfD) has adopted an explicitly anti-Islam policy'.
    BBC News. Published 1 May 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  12. ^ New poll shows Alternative for Germany gaining support.
    'The right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD) has garnered some of its best numbers yet in a nationwide poll'.
    Deutsche Welle. Author – Brandon Conradis. Published 23 September 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  13. ^ Germany's Right-Wing Challenge.
    'All of that is now changing fast, thanks mostly to the rise of the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, which is capitalizing on widespread discontent with Merkel’s refugee policy'.
    Foreign Affairs. Author – Thorsten Benner.
    Published 26 September 2016.
    Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  14. ^ Meaney, Thomas (3 çiriya pêşîn 2016). "The New Star of Germany's Far Right". The New Yorker. For decades, the German far right has been a limited force, with easily recognizable supporters—nicotine-stained ex-Nazis in the sixties and seventies, leather-clad skinheads in the eighties and nineties. Petry is something different, a disarmingly wholesome figure—a former businesswoman with a Ph.D. in chemistry and four children from her marriage to a Lutheran pastor.
  15. ^ Schultheis, Emily (8 kanûna pêşîn 2016). "Will anti-immigration party's rise pull Germany to the right?". Following the election of Donald Trump in the United States and the rise of populist movements across Europe, the far-right Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) party has seized on fears about the influx of refugees to gain momentum here.
  16. ^ Delcker, Janosch (27 nîsan 2016). "Angry 8: Inside Germany's far-right AfD". Politico. The far-right Alternative for Germany has turned German politics on its head, but leadership squabbles threaten to derail the party's rapid rise.
  17. ^ Frank Decker (2015). "Follow-up to the Grand Coalition: The Germany Party System before and after the 2013 Federal Election". Bi Eric Langenbacher (edîtor). The Merkel Republic: An Appraisal. Berghahn Books. rr. 34–39. ISBN 978-1-78238-896-8.
  18. ^ Hans-Jürgen Bieling (2015). "Uneven development and 'European crisis constitutionalism', or the reasons for and conditions of a 'passive revolution in trouble'". Bi Johannes Jäger; Elisabeth Springler (edîtor). Asymmetric Crisis in Europe and Possible Futures: Critical Political Economy and Post-Keynesian Perspectives. Routledge. r. 110. ISBN 978-1-317-65298-4.
  19. ^ Egbert Jahn (2015). German Domestic and Foreign Policy: Political Issues Under Debate -. Springer. r. 30. ISBN 978-3-662-47929-2.
  20. ^ Tom Lansford, edîtor (2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. SAGE Publications. r. 532. ISBN 978-1-4833-3327-4.
  21. ^ Kemal Dervis; Jacques Mistral (2014). "Overview". Bi Kemal Dervis; Jacques Mistral (edîtor). Europe's Crisis, Europe's Future. Brookings Institution Press. r. 13. ISBN 978-0-8157-2554-1.
  22. ^ Robert Ladrech (2014). "Europeanization of National Politics: the centrality of politics parties". Bi José M. Magone (edîtor). Routledge Handbook of European Politics. Routledge. r. 580. ISBN 978-1-317-62836-1.
  23. ^ William T. Daniel (2015). Career Behaviour and the European Parliament: All Roads Lead Through Brussels?. Oxford University Press. r. 135. ISBN 978-0-19-871640-2.