Lîsteya xanedan û dûgelên kurdan

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Mîrgehên kurdan di 1835'an de.
Dirokê gotînen Kurdistanê sedsala 20

Di vê rûpelê de xanedan, mîrgeh û dewletên kurdan hatine rêzkirin.

Dewletên ku bav û kalên Kurdan ava kirine[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Xanedan û dewlet[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Dûgelên sedsala 20an[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Dewleta Kurd (1918–1919)
Keyaniya Kurdistanê Keyaniya Kurdistanê (1921–1924 û 1925)
Kurdistana Sor (1923-1929)
Kurdistan Okrug (1930)
Komara Agiriyê (1927–1931)
Komara Mahabadê Komara Kurdistanê (1946)
Kurdistan Komara Kurdî ya Laçînê (1992)

Niha[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Qerte Hereme Kurdistan
Kantonê Herema Rojava

Nexşe[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Mijarên têkildar[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Çavkanî[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

  1. Thomas Bois, The Kurds, 159 pp., 1966. (see p. 10)
  2. D. P. Erdbrink (1968). "Reviewed Work: Türken, Kurden und Iraner seit dem Altertum by E. von Eickstedt". Central Asiatic Journal. Harrassowitz Verlag. 12 (1): 64–65.
  3. Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich (1982). "Great Soviet Encyclopedia".
  4. Jamie Stokes, ed. (2009). "Kurds". Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East. Facts on File. ISBN 9781438126760. p. 380.
  5. Thomas Bois, The Kurds, 159 pp., 1966. (see p. 10)
  6. Jwaideh, Wadie (2006). The Kurdish National Movement: Its Origins and Development. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0-8156-3093-7. p. xv.
  7. Shahbazi, A. Shapur (2012). "The Achaemenid Persian Empire (550–330 BCE): Political History". In Daryaee, Touraj (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-020882-0. p. 122, "The Aryan tribes including the Medes (ancestors of many Iranians, particularly the Kurds) (...)"
  8. Smith Williams, Henry. The Historians' History of the World, 1907, V.2 – p. 584.
  9. Revue des études arméniennes, vol.21, 1988-1989, p. 281, By Société des études armeniennes, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, Published by Imprimerie nationale, P. Geuthner, 1989.
  10. Carr, Thomas Swinburne (1849). A History of Greece, for the Use of Schools and Colleges. Simpkin, Marshall and Company. p. 423.
  11. Schmitt, Rüdiger. "CYRTIANS". Encyclopædia Iranica. p. 515.
  12. M. Th. Houtsma, 1993, E. J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936 - p. 1033, Brill.
  13. M. Th. Houtsma, 1993, E. J. Brill's first encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936 - p. 1137, Brill
  14. Peacock, Andrew (2000). "SHADDADIDS". Encyclopædia, "...Caucasian dynasty of Kurdish origin reigning from about 950 until 1200, first in Dvin and Ganja, later in Ani."
  15. Bosworth, C.E (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press. p. 151, "The Shaddādids were another of the dynasties which arose in north-western Persia during the 'Daylamī interlude', and it is probable that they were of Kurdish origin."
  16. Kennedy, Hugh (2016). The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates. Routledge. ISBN 9781317376392. p. 215, "The Kurdish dynasties which emerged in the second half of tenth century [...] Shaddadids of Azerbayjan (...)"
  17. Gunter, Michael M (2010). Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810875074. p. 117, "The Hasanwayhids were a Kurdish dynasty dominated the Zagros (...)"
  18. Bosworth, C.E (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press. p. 89, "The Marwānids of Diyār Bakr, Khilāt and Malāzgird were Kurdish in origin."
  19. Ashtiany, Julia; Bray, Julia; Smith, Gerald Rex; Johnstone, T. M.; Latham, J. D.; Serjeant, R. B.; Menocal, María Rosa; Cambridge, University of; Scheindlin, Raymond P. (1990). Abbasid Belles Lettres. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-24016-1. p. 15, "...the Marwanids of Mayyafaraqin, were Kurdish."
  20. Fisher, William Bayne; Boyle, J. A.; Boyle, John Andrew; Gershevitch, Ilya; Yarshater, Ehsan; Frye, Richard Nelson; Avery, Peter; Jackson, Peter (1968). The Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-06936-6. p. 24, "The Marwānids of Diyārbakr, Akhlāt, and Malāzgird [...] were also of Kurdish origin (...)"
  21. Pezeshk, Manouchehr; Negahban, Farzin (2008). "ʿAnnāzids". In Madelung, Wilferd; Daftary, Farhad (eds.). Encyclopaedia Islamica Online. Brill, "...a Kurdish dynasty who ruled over parts of western Persia and the eastern lands of Iraq from the end of the 4th/10th century to the beginning of the 6th/12th century."
  22. Aḥmad, K. M. (1985). "ʿANNAZIDS". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. II, Fasc. 1, pp. 97-98.
  23. Holt, Peter Malcolm; Lambton, Ann K. S.; Lewis, Bernard (1977). The Cambridge history of Islam: Islamic society and civilization. Vol. 2B. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-29138-5. p. 570, "Samanid Khurāsān and its brilliant capital of Nishāpūr, Hamadan under the Daylami Buyids, Isfahān under the Kakuyid Kurds, were centres of intense cultural influence."
  24. Frye, R. N (1975). The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. IV, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-20093-6. p. 294.
  25. Bosworth, C. E. (2019). New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 978-1-4744-6462-8. p. 160, "The Kâkūyids were one of the petty Kurdish and Daylamī dynasties..."
  26. a b Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  27. Bosworth, C. Edmund (2003). "HAZĀRASPIDS". Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. XII, Fasc. 1, p. 93.
  28. Sheerin Ardalan (2004). Erdelan Kürtleri. Avesta Yayınları, 28. ISBN 978-605-5585-05-1.
  29. Han, Şeref (Çev. İbrahim Sunkur) (2016). Şerefname. Van: Sîtav, 141.
  30. Humphreys, R. S. "AYYUBIDS", Encyclopædia Iranica. Vol. III, Fasc. 2, pp. 164-167, "AYYUBIDS (Ar. Banū Ayyūb), a Kurdish family who first became prominent as members of the Zangid military establishment in Syria in the mid-sixth/twelfth century."
  31. Soyudoğan, Muhsin (September 2015). "Tribal Bandistry in Ottoman Ayntab (1690-1730)". Bilkent University: 39–42.
  32. Han, Şeref (Çev. İbrahim Sunkur) (2016). Şerefname. Van: Sîtav, 381-470.
  33. Yıldız, Erdal. "Şerefhan Şerefnâme Kürt Tarihi cilt 1", 110.
  34. Polo, Marco; Yule, Henry; Cordier, Henry (1993). The Travels of Marco Polo - The Complete Yule-Cordier Edition. Vol. I. New York: Courier Corporation. p. 85.
  35. Maisel, Sebastian (2018-06-21). The Kurds: An Encyclopedia of Life, Culture, and Society. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1-4408-4257-3.
  36. Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  37. Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  38. Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  39. Yıldız, Erdal. "Şerefhan Şerefnâme Kürt Tarihi cilt 1", 272-274.
  40. Yıldız, Erdal. "Şerefhan Şerefnâme Kürt Tarihi cilt 1", 267.
  41. Peter Malcolm Holt, (1986), The Age of the Crusades: the Near East from the eleventh century to 1517, p. 176, Longman, University of Michigan; "The second of the eastern principalities, Germiyan, developed from a group, probably of mixed Kurdish and Turkish origin (...)"
  42. Carl F. Petry, (1998), The Cambridge History of Egypt, Vol. 1, p. 527, Cambridge University Press; "An Anatolian Turco-Kurdish dynasty, with its capital at Kutahya (...)"
  43. Ducas, Harry J. Magoulias, Ducas, (1975), Decline and fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks, p. 265, Wayne State University Press, University of Virginia; "The Germiyan were probably Kurdish and Turkish half-breeds who came from east of Malatya."
  44. Michael Broome, (1985), A handbook of Islamic coins, p. 132, Seaby, University of Michigan; "Further west the Eshref and the Kurdish tribe of Germiyan (...)"
  45. Han, Şeref (Çev. İbrahim Sunkur) (2016). Şerefname. Van: Sîtav, 174-195. ISBN 978-605-66520-1-1.
  46. Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  47. a b Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  48. Yıldız, Erdal. "Şerefhan Şerefnâme Kürt Tarihi cilt 1", 277-281.
  49. Yıldız, Erdal. "Şerefhan Şerefnâme Kürt Tarihi cilt 1", 321.
  50. Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  51. Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  52. Enciclopèdia de l'Islam, V, 461. V 461.CS1 maint: multiple names: lîsteya nivîskaran (link)
  53. Matthee, Rudi. (2005), The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900, Princeton University Press, p. 18, "The Safavids, as Iranians of Kurdish ancestry and of nontribal background (...)"
  54. Savory, Roger. (2008). "EBN BAZZĀZ". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 1. p. 8, "This official version contains textual changes designed to obscure the Kurdish origins of the Safavid family and to vindicate their claim to descent from the Imams. (...)"
  55. Amoretti, Biancamaria Scarcia; Matthee, Rudi. (2009), "Ṣafavid Dynasty", In Esposito, John L. (ed.) The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World, Oxford University Press; "Of Kurdish ancestry, the Ṣafavids started as a Sunnī mystical order (...)"
  56. Tapper, Richard. (1997), Frontier nomads of Iran: a political and social history of the Shahsevan, Cambridge University Press, p. 39, "The Safavid Shahs who ruled Iran between 1501 and 1722 descended from Sheikh Safi ad-Din of Ardabil (1252-1334). Sheikh Safi and his immediate successors were renowned as holy ascetics Sufis. Their own origins were obscure: probably of Kurdish or Iranian extraction (...)"
  57. Matthee, Rudi. (2008), "SAFAVID DYNASTY", Encyclopaedia Iranica; "As Persians of Kurdish ancestry and of a non-tribal background, the Safavids did not fit this pattern, though the state they set up with the assistance of Turkmen tribal forces of eastern Anatolia closely resembled this division in its makeup."
  58. Bowering, Gerhard (2015). Islamic Political Thought: An Introduction. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-1-4008-6642-7. p. 13, "The Safavids, of Kurdish origin and Turkic-speaking, arose from the Sunni Sufi fraternity of the Safawis organized in Azerbaijan by Safı al-Din (d. 1334)...".
  59. E. J. van Donzel (1994). Islamic desk reference. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-09738-4. p. 222, "Several dynasties, such as the Marwanids of Diyarbakir, the Ayyubids, the Shaddadis and possibly the Safawids, as well as prominent personalities, were of Kurdish origin."
  60. Bowering, Gerhard; Crone, Patricia; Kadi, Wadad; Mirza, Mahan; Stewart, Devin J.; Zaman, Muhammad Qasim (2013). The Princeton Encyclopedia of Islamic Political Thought. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-13484-0. p. xii, "The Turkic-speaking Safavids of Kurdish origin arose from a Sunni Sufi fraternity that was organized in Azerbaijan by Safı al-Din (d. 1334)...".
  61. Manz, Beatrice Forbes (2021). Nomads in the Middle East. Cambridge University Press. p. 169, "The Safavid dynasty was of Iranian – probably Kurdish – extraction and had its beginnings as a Sufi order located at Ardabil near the eastern border of Azerbaijan, in a region favorable for both agriculture and pastoralism."
  62. Yıldız, Erdal. "Şerefhan Şerefnâme Kürt Tarihi cilt 1", 274-278.
  63. Yıldız, Erdal. "Şerefhan Şerefnâme Kürt Tarihi cilt 1", 368-372.
  64. Evliya Çelebi; Derviş Muhammed zilli (2011). As Portrayed in Evliya Celebi's Book of Travels (Seyahat-name). Yapıkredi book. p. 124. Evliya Çelebi.CS1 maint: multiple names: lîsteya nivîskaran (link)
  65. Bidlīsī, Sharaf Khān, 1543-. Şerefname : Kürt tarihi. Sunkur, İbrahim,. Van.
  66. Tapper, Richard (2010), "Shahsevan", Encyclopædia Iranica.
  67. Petrushevsky, Ilya Pavlovich (1949), Очерки по истории феодальных отношений в Азербайджане и Армении в XVI-начале XIX вв, Saint Petersburg State University.
  68. Minorsky, V. (2012), "Lak", Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Brill, The most southern group of Kurd tribes in Persia. [...] The group is of importance in that the Zand dynasty arose from it.
  69. Prokhorov, Aleksandr Mikhaĭlovich (1973). Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 25. 272.

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