A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.jpg
Official portrait, 2002
Jînenîgarî
Jidayikbûn15ê çiriya pêşîn a 1931an(1931-10-15)
Rameswaram, Madras Presidency, British India (present-day Tamil Nadu, India)
Mirin27ê tîrmeha 2015an
Shillong, Meghalaya, India
GoristanDr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam Desiya Ninaivagam, Pei Karumbu, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Partiyên dinNDA[fn 1]
Perwerde
Pîşe
XelatFull list
Notable work(s)
11th President of India
'
25 July 2002 – 25 July 2007
Alîkarê SerokKrishan Kant
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
PêşvehatK. R. Narayanan
PaşvehatPratibha Patil
1st Principal Scientific Adviser to the Government of India
'
November 1999 – November 2001
SerokK. R. Narayanan
PêşvehatOffice established
PaşvehatRajagopala Chidambaram
MalperOfficial Website
Şanenav
biguherîneBelge

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ( /ˈɑːbdəl kəˈlɑːm/ /ˈɑːbdəl kəˈlɑːm/; 15e Çirî 1931 – 27 Tîrmeh 2015e) zanyarek esmanî û dewletparêzek hindî bû ku ji sala 2002a heta sala 2007an wekî 11emîn Serokê Hindistanê kar kiriye. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, li Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu ji dayik bûye û li wir mezin bûye.

Herwesa wî di bwarê fîzîk û endezyariya asmanî xwendiye. [1] Bi vî awayî ew ji ber xebata xwe ya li ser pêşxistina teknolojiya moşekên balîstîk û teknolojiya wesayîtên avêtinê wekî Mirovê Muşekê yê Hindistanê hate nas kirin. [2] [3] [4] Wî her weha di ceribandinên nukleerî yên Pokhran-II yên Hindistanê de di sala 1998-an de rolek rêxistinî, teknîkî û siyasî ya bingehîn lîst bû, ya ku yekem ji ceribandina nukleerî ya orîjînal ji hêla Hindistanê ve ya di sala 1974-an de. [5]

Xelat[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Sala xelat an rûmetê Navê xelat an rûmetê Rêxistina xelatdayînê
2014 Profesorê rûmetê Zanîngeha Pekînê, Çîn [6]
2014 Doctor of Science Zanîngeha Edinburgh, Brîtanya [7]
2013 Xelata Von Braun Civaka Fezayê ya Neteweyî [8]
2012 Doktorê Hiqûqê ( Honoris Causa ) Zanîngeha Simon Fraser [9]
2011 Endamtiya Rûmetê ya IEEE IEEE [10]
2010 Doktorê Endezyariyê Zanîngeha Waterloo [11]
2009 Doktoraya Rûmetê Zanîngeha Oakland [12]
2009 Madalyaya Hoover Weqfa ASME, USA [13]
2009 Xelata Navneteweyî ya von Kármán Wings Enstîtuya Teknolojiyê ya California, USA [14]
2008 Doctor of Science Universiti Sains Malaysia [15]
2008 Doktorê Endezyariyê ( Honoris Causa ) Zanîngeha Teknolojiyê ya Nanyang, Singapore [16]
2008 Doktorê Zanyarî ( Honoris Causa ) Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh [17] [18]
2007 Doktora Rûmetê ya Zanist û Teknolojiyê Zanîngeha Carnegie Mellon [19]
2007 Medalya King Charles II Royal Society, Brîtanya [20] [21] [22]
2007 Doktoraya Rûmetê ya Zanistê Zanîngeha Wolverhampton, Brîtanya [23]
2000 Xelata Ramanujan Navenda Lêkolînê ya Alwars, Chennai [24]
1998 Xelata Veer Savarkar Hikûmeta Hindistanê [25]
1997 Xelata Indira Gandhi ji bo Yekbûna Neteweyî Kongreya Neteweyî ya Hindistanê [25] [24]
1997 Bharat Ratna Serokê Hindistanê [24] [26]
1995 Hevkarê Rûmetê Akademiya Neteweyî ya Zanistên Bijîjkî, [27]
1994 Rêhevalê hêja Enstîtuya Rêveberan (Hindistan) [28]
1990 Padma Vibhushan Hikûmeta Hindistanê [24] [29]
1981 Padma Bhushan Hikûmeta Hindistanê [24] [29]

Binêre jî[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

  • Hilbijartina serokatiya Hindistanê 2002
  • Lîsteya serokên Hindistanê
  • Pokhran-II
  • Hindistanê herî mezin

Çavkanî[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Peyvnot
  1. Appointed for 2002 Presidential Elections as an Independent Candidate; in coalition with NDA, during Vajpayee Government
Citations
  1. Ramchandani (2000). Dale Hoiberg (ed.). A to C (Abd Allah ibn al-Abbas to Cypress). New Delhi: Encyclopædia Britannica (India). p. 2. ISBN 978-0-85229-760-5. Archived from the original on 29 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  2. Pruthi, R. K. (2005). "Ch. 4. Missile Man of India". President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. Anmol Publications. pp. 61–76. ISBN 978-81-261-1344-6.
  3. "India's 'Mr. Missile': A man of the people". 30 July 2015. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  4. "Kalam's unrealised 'Nag' missile dream to become reality next year". The Times of India. 30 July 2015. Archived from the original on 3 January 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  5. Sen, Amartya (2003). "India and the Bomb". In M. V. Ramana; C. Rammanohar Reddy (eds.). Prisoners of the Nuclear Dream. Sangam Books. pp. 167–188. ISBN 978-81-250-2477-4.
  6. "印度前总统卡拉姆博士接受北京大学名誉教授称号,入选"大学堂"顶尖学者讲学计划". University of Beijing. 14 November 2014. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  7. "Ex-President of India Abdul Kalam visits the Forum". University of Edinburgh. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  8. "NSS Wernher Von Braun Memorial Award". National Space Society. 3 August 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  9. "Honorary Degrees – Convocation". Simon Fraser University. Archived from the original on 17 June 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  10. "IEEE Honorary Membership Recipients" (PDF). IEEE. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  11. "Yet another honorary doctorate for Kalam". Rediff.com. 6 October 2010. Archived from the original on 7 January 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  12. "A.P.J Abdul Kalam – Honorary Degree, 2009". Oakland University. Archived from the original on 7 January 2013.
  13. "Former President Kalam chosen for Hoover Medal". The Times of India. New York. 27 March 2009. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  14. "Caltech GALCIT International von Kármán Wings Award". galcit.caltech.edu. Archived from the original on 30 March 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  15. "A.P.J Abdul Kalam – Honorary Degree, 2008" (PDF). Universiti Sains Malaysia. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 October 2021.
  16. "Dr Abdul Kalam, former President of India, receives NTU Honorary Degree of Doctor of Engineering". Nanyang Technological University. 26 August 2008. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  17. "AMU to honour Kalam with doctorate". The Economics Times. Archived from the original on 1 August 2015. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  18. "AMU to honour Kalam with doctorate". Articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com. 5 June 2008. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  19. "Carnegie Mellon University Awards Honorary Doctorate To Former India President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam". cmu.edu. Carnegie Mellon University. 26 October 2015. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  20. "King Charles II Medal for President". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 12 July 2007. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  21. "King Charles II Medal for Kalam". The Economic Times. India. 11 July 2007. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  22. "Royal Society King Charles II Medal". Royal Society. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  23. "Kalam conferred Honorary Doctorate of Science". The Times of India. India. 23 October 2007. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  24. a b c d e "Dr. Abdul Kalam's Diverse Interests: Prizes/Awards". Indian Institute of Technology Madras. Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  25. a b "Bio-data: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 1 March 2012. Archived from the original on 8 June 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  26. "List of recipients of Bharat Ratna" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 January 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  27. "List of Fellows – NAMS" (PDF). National Academy of Medical Sciences. 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  28. "List of Distinguished Fellows". Institute of Directors. Archived from the original on 10 November 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  29. a b "Bharat Ratna conferred on Dr Abdul Kalam". Rediff.com. 26 November 1997. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012.