Kataloga Messier

Ji Wîkîpediya, ensîklopediya azad.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Nexşeya stêran a Messier

Navnîşa Messier a Nebuloz û Komên Stêran an jî bi kurtî Kataloga Messier (bi fr: Catalogue des Nébuleuses et des Amas d'Étoiles) navê berhema li ser komên stêran, nebuloz, galaksî û cîsmên din ên esmanî ya ku di sala 1771ê de ji aliyê stêrnasê fransî Charles Messier (fr; en) ve hate çapkirin.

Li gorî stêrnasiya roja îro ev berhem yek ji çavkaniyên herî hêja û giring e. Tê de 110 tiştên tomarkirî ne û her tiştî nimroya xwe heye, weke M1, M2, M3... heta M110 (bixwîne: Messier Yek, Messier Du, Messier Sê... Messier Sed û deh).

Kataloga Messier[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

  Komstêr   Nebuloz   Galaksî   Yên din

Nimroya Messier Nimroya NGC Navê heyberê Wêne Cureyê heyberê Dûrbûn(kly) Koma stêran Hêza biriqokiyê li ber çavan
M1[1] NGC 1952 Nebuloza Kevjalê Crab Nebula.jpg Bermayiya supernovayê 6.3 Ga 9.0
M2[2] NGC 7089   Messier 2 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Komstêra kadî 36 Dewlik 7.5
M3[3] NGC 5272   M3LRGB 891x674.jpg Komstêra kadî 31 Tajî 7.0
M4[4] NGC 6121   Messier 4 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Komstêra kadî 7 Dûpişk 7.5
M5[5] NGC 5904   Messier 5 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Komstêra kadî 23 Mar 7.0
M6[6] NGC 6405 Komstêra Mînmînikê M6a.jpg Komstêra vekirî 2 Dûpişk 4.5
M7[7] NGC 6475 Komstêra Betlemyus Open-cluster-Messier-7.jpeg Komstêra vekirî 1 Dûpişk 3.5
M8[8] NGC 6523 Nebuloza Lagûnê LagoonHunterWilson.jpg Komstêra binebuloz 6.5 Kevan 6.0
M9[9] NGC 6333   Messier object 009.jpg Komstêra kadî 26 Marvan 9.0
M10[10] NGC 6254   Messier 10 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Komstêra kadî 13 Marvan 7.5
M11[11] NGC 6705 Komstêra Werdeka Kovî Messier11.jpg Komstêra vekirî 6 Mertal 7.0
M12[12] NGC 6218   M12 Hubble.jpg Komstêra kadî 18 Marvan 8.0
M13[13] NGC 6205 Komstêra Mezin a navbera Herkulê Messier 13 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Komstêra kadî 22 Herkul 5.8
M14[14] NGC 6402   Messier object 014.jpg Komstêra kadî 27 Marvan 9.5
M15[15] NGC 7078 Komstêra Pegasê Messier 15 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Komstêra kadî 33 Pegas 7.5
M16[16] NGC 6611 Nebuloza Eylo Eaglefairy hst big.jpg Komstêra bi herêma H II 7 Mar 6.5
M17[17] NGC 6618 Nebuloza Omegayê Messier 17.jpg Komstêra bi herêma H II 5 Kevan 6.0
M18[18] NGC 6613   Messier18.jpg Komstêra vekirî 6 Kevan 8.0
M19[19] NGC 6273   Messier object 019.jpg Komstêra kadî 27 Marvan 8.5
M20[20] NGC 6514 Nebuloza Sêparçebûyî (trîfîd) Trifid.nebula.arp.750pix.jpg Komstêra bi herêma H II 5.2 Kevan 6.3
M21[21] NGC 6531   Messier object 021.jpg Komstêra vekirî 3 Kevan 7.0
M22[22] NGC 6656 Komstêra Kevan Messier object 022.jpg Komstêra kadî 10 Kevan 5.1
M23[23] NGC 6494   Messier object 023.jpg Komstêra vekirî 4.5 Kevan 6.0
M24[24] NGC 6603 Ewra Stêran a Kevan Messier 024 2MASS.jpg Ewra stêran a Kadizê 10.0 Kevan 4.6
M25[25] IC 4725   Messier object 025.jpg Komstêra vekirî 2 Kevan 4.9
M26[26] NGC 6694   Messier object 026.jpg Komstêra vekirî 5 Mertal 9.5
M27[27] NGC 6853 Nebuloza Halterê Messier27.jpg Nebuloza navbera hesareyan 1.25 Rovî 7.5
M28[28] NGC 6626   Messier28.jpg Komstêra kadî 18 Kevan 8.5
M29[29] NGC 6913   Messier object 029.jpg Komstêra vekirî 7.2 9.0
M30[30] NGC 7099   Messier object 030.jpg Komstêra kadî 25 Karik 8.5
M31[31] NGC 224 Galaksiya Andromedayê Andromeda galaxy.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 2,500 Andromeda 3.4
M32[32] NGC 221   M32.jpg Galaksiya hûr a elîptîk (Galaksiya balakurt a elîptîk) 2,900 Andromeda 10.0
M33[33] NGC 598 Galaksiya Sêgoşeyê M33.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 2,810 Sêgoşe 5.7
M34[34] NGC 1039   M34 2mass atlas.jpg Komstêra vekirî 1.4 Perse 6.0
M35[35] NGC 2168   M35atlas.jpg Komstêra vekirî 2.8 Gemini 5.5
M36[36] NGC 1960   M29a.jpg Komstêra vekirî 4.1 Erebevan 6.5
M37[37] NGC 2099   M37a.jpg Komstêra vekirî 4.6 Erebevan 6.0
M38[38] NGC 1912   Messier object 038.jpg Komstêra vekirî 4.2 Erebevan 7.0
M39[39] NGC 7092   Messier object 039.jpg Komstêra vekirî 0.8 5.5
M40[40]   Winnecke 4 Messier object 40.jpg Dustêra WNC4 0.5 Komika Sêwiyan 9.0
M41[41] NGC 2287   Messier 041 2MASS.jpg Komstêra vekirî 2.3 Kûçikê Mezin 4.5
M42[42] NGC 1976 Nebuloza Oryonê Orion Nebula - Hubble 2006 mosaic 18000.jpg Herêma H II 1.6 Oryon 4.0
M43[43] NGC 1982 Nebuloza De Mairan Messier object 043.jpg Herêma H II
(parçeya nebuloza Oryonê ye)
1.6 Oryon 7.0
M44[44] NGC 2632 Komstêra Kewarê Messier 044 2MASS.jpg Komstêra vekirî 0.6 Kevjal 3.7
M45[45]   Perwîn (Sureya) Bob Star - M45 Carranza Field (by).jpg Komstêra vekirî 0.4 Ga 1.6
M46[46] NGC 2437   M46a.jpg Komstêra vekirî 5.4 Pûpa 6.5
M47[47] NGC 2422   M47a.jpg Komstêra vekirî 1.6 Pûpa 4.5
M48[48] NGC 2548   M48a.jpg Komstêra vekirî 1.5 Marê Avî (Hîdra) 5.5
M49[49] NGC 4472   Messier 49 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Galaksiya elîptîk 60,000 Şehrîwar 10.0
M50[50] NGC 2323   M50a.jpg Komstêra vekirî 3 Yekqiloç 7.0
M51[51] NGC 5194, NGC 5195 Galaksiya Gerînekê Whirlpool (M51).jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 37,000 Tajî 8.4
M52[52] NGC 7654   M52atlas.jpg Komstêra vekirî 7 Kasiyopeya 8.0
M53[53] NGC 5024   Globular Cluster M53.jpg Komstêra kadî 56 Porê Berenîsê 8.5
M54[54] NGC 6715   Messier54.jpg Komstêra kadî 83 Kevan 8.5
M55[55] NGC 6809   Messier55.jpg Komstêra kadî 17 Kevan 7.0
M56[56] NGC 6779   M56-LRGB.jpg Komstêra kadî 32 Lîr 9.5
M57[57] NGC 6720 Nebuloza Xelekê Ring Nebula.jpg Nebuloza navbera hesareyan 2.3 Lîr 8.8
M58[58] NGC 4579   M58s.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv 60,000 Şehrîwar 11.0
M59[59] NGC 4621   Messier59.jpg Galaksiya elîptîk 60,000 Şehrîwar 11.5
M60[60] NGC 4649   Messier object 060.jpg Galaksiya elîptîk 60,000 Şehrîwar 10.5
M61[61] NGC 4303   Galaksiya pêçokeyî 60,000 Şehrîwar 10.5
M62[62] NGC 6266   Messier object 062.jpg Komstêra kadî 22 Marvan 8.0
M63[63] NGC 5055 Galaksiya Gulberojkê Messier 63 GALEX WikiSky.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 37,000 Tajî 8.5
M64[64] NGC 4826 Galaksiya Çavê Reş Blackeyegalaxy.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 12,000 Porê Berenîsê 9.0
M65[65] NGC 3623   M65.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv 35,000 Şêr 10.5
M66[66] NGC 3627   Sig05-016.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv 35,000 Şêr 10.0
M67[67] NGC 2682   Messier object 067.jpg Komstêra vekirî 2.25 Kevjal 7.5
M68[68] NGC 4590   Messier object 068.jpg Komstêra kadî 32 Marê Avî (Hîdra) 9.0
M69[69] NGC 6637   Messier object 069.jpg Komstêra kadî 25 Kevan 9.0
M70[70] NGC 6681   Messier70.jpg Komstêra kadî 28 Kevan 9.0
M71[71] NGC 6838   Messier71.jpg Komstêra kadî 12 Tîrok 8.5
M72[72] NGC 6981   Messier72.jpg Komstêra kadî 53 Dewlik 10.0
M73[73] NGC 6994   Komika stêran (asterîzm)   Dewlik 9.0
M74[74] NGC 628   Galaksiya pêçokeyî 35,000 Masî 10.5
M75[75] NGC 6864   Messier75.jpg Komstêra kadî 58 Kevan 9.5
M76[76] NGC 650, NGC 651 Nebuloza Biçûk a Halterê M76-RL5-DDmin-Gamma-LRGB 883x628.jpg Nebuloza navbera hesareyan 3.4 Perse 10.1
M77[77] NGC 1068   Galaksiya pêçokeyî 60,000 Hût 10.5
M78[78] NGC 2068   Nebuloza belavbuyî (Diffuse nebula) 1.6 Oryon 8.0
M79[79] NGC 1904   M79a.jpg Komstêra kadî 40 Kêrgoşk 8.5
M80[80] NGC 6093   A Swarm of Ancient Stars - GPN-2000-000930.jpg Komstêra kadî 27 Dûpişk 8.5
M81[81] NGC 3031 Galaksiya Bodeyê Sig07-009.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 12,000 Komika Sêwiyan 6.9
M82[82] NGC 3034 Galaksiya Pûroyê Messier82.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv (ne diyar e) 11,000 Komika Sêwiyan 9.5
M83[83] NGC 5236 Galaksiya Firfirikê ya Başûr M83g.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv 10,000 Marê Avî (Hîdra) 8.5
M84[84] NGC 4374   Messier 84 nucleus Hubble.jpg Galaksiya mercekokî (Lenticular galaxy) 60,000 Şehrîwar 11.0
M85[85] NGC 4382   Messier 85 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Galaksiya mercekokî (Lenticular galaxy) 60,000 Porê Berenîsê 10.5
M86[86] NGC 4406   Messier 86 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Galaksiya mercekokî (Lenticular galaxy) 60,000 Şehrîwar 11.0
M87[87] NGC 4486   M87 jet.jpg Galaksiya elîptîk 60,000 Şehrîwar 11.0
M88[88] NGC 4501   Messier object 088.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 60,000 Porê Berenîsê 11.0
M89[89] NGC 4552   Messier 089 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Galaksiya elîptîk 60,000 Şehrîwar 11.5
M90[90] NGC 4569   Messier object 090.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 60,000 Şehrîwar 11.0
M91[91] NGC 4548   Messier91.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv 60,000 Porê Berenîsê 11.0
M92[92] NGC 6341   Globular Cluster M92.JPG Komstêra kadî 26 Herkul 7.5
M93[93] NGC 2447   Messier object 093.jpg Komstêra vekirî 4.5 Pûpa 6.5
M94[94] NGC 4736   Messier object 094.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 14,500 Tajî 9.5
M95[95] NGC 3351   Messier95 spitzer.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv 38,000 Şêr 11.0
M96[96] NGC 3368   Messier object 096.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 38,000 Şêr 10.5
M97[97] NGC 3587 Nebuloza Kundê M97 FTN.jpg Nebuloza navbera hesareyan 2.6 Komika Sêwiyan 9.9
M98[98] NGC 4192   M-98.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 60,000 Porê Berenîsê 11.0
M99[99] NGC 4254   M99.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 60,000 Porê Berenîsê 10.5
M100[100] NGC 4321   Spiral Galaxy M100.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 60,000 Porê Berenîsê 10.5
M101[101] NGC 5457 Galaksiya Firfirokê M101 hires STScI-PRC2006-10a.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 27,000 Komika Sêwiyan 7.9
M102[102] (Nayê naskirin)[103]          
M103[104] NGC 581   Messier object 103.jpg Komstêra vekirî 8 Kasiyopeya 7.0
M104[105] NGC 4594 Galaksiya Sombreroyê M104 ngc4594 sombrero galaxy hi-res.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 50,000 Şehrîwar 9.5
M105[106] NGC 3379   Messier object 105.jpg Galaksiya elîptîk 38,000 Şêr 11.0
M106[107] NGC 4258   Messier 106 by Spitzer.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 25,000 Tajî 9.5
M107[108] NGC 6171   Messier object 107.jpg Komstêra kadî 20 Marvan 10.0
M108[109] NGC 3556   Messier 108 Hubble WikiSky.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî 45,000 Komika Sêwiyan 11.0
M109[110] NGC 3992   Messier object 109.jpg Galaksiya pêçokeyî ya bişiv 55,000 Komika Sêwiyan 11.0
M110[111] NGC 205   Galaksiya hûr a elîptîk (Galaksiya balakurt a elîptîk) 2,200 Andromeda 10.0
Nimroya Messier Nimroya NGC Navê heyberê Wêne Cureyê heyberê Dûrbûn (kly) Koma stêran Hêza biriqokiyê

Çavkanî[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Ev gotar ji agahiyên naveroka vê guhertoya gotara wekhev a Wîkîpediyaya îngilîzî pêk tê.
  1. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 1". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  2. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 2". Archived from the original on 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  3. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 3". Archived from the original on 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  4. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 4". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  5. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 5". Archived from the original on 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  6. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 6". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  7. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 7". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  8. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 8". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  9. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 9". Archived from the original on 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  10. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 10". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  11. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 11". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  12. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 12". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  13. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 13". Archived from the original on 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  14. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 14". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  15. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 15". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  16. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 16". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  17. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 17". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  18. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 18". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  19. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 19". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  20. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 20". Archived from the original on 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  21. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 21". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  22. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 22". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  23. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 23". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  24. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 24". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  25. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 25". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  26. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 26". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  27. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 27". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  28. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 28". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  29. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 29". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  30. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 30". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  31. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 31". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  32. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 32". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  33. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 33". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  34. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 34". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  35. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 35". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  36. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 36". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  37. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 37". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  38. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 38". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  39. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 39". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  40. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 40". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  41. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 41". Archived from the original on 2009-02-22. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  42. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 42". Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  43. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 43". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  44. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 44". Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  45. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 45". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  46. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 46". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  47. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 47". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  48. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 48". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  49. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 49". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  50. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 50". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  51. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 51". Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  52. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 52". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  53. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 53". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  54. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 54". Archived from the original on 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  55. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 55". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  56. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 56". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  57. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 57". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  58. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 58". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  59. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 59". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  60. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 60". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  61. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 61". Archived from the original on 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  62. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 62". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  63. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 63". Archived from the original on 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  64. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 64". Archived from the original on 2009-02-24. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  65. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 65". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  66. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 66". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  67. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 67". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  68. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 68". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  69. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 69". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  70. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 70". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  71. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 71". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  72. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 72". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  73. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 73". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  74. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 74". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  75. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 75". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  76. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 76". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  77. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 77". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  78. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 78". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  79. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 79". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  80. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 80". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  81. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 81". Archived from the original on 2009-02-05. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  82. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 82". Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  83. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 83". Archived from the original on 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  84. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 84". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  85. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 85". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  86. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 86". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  87. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 87". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  88. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 88". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  89. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 89". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  90. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 90". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  91. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 91". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2009-02-07. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  92. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 92". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  93. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 93". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  94. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 94". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  95. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 95". Archived from the original on 2009-02-04. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  96. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 96". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  97. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 97". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  98. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 98". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  99. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 99". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  100. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 100". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  101. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 101". Archived from the original on 2007-01-02. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  102. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 102". Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  103. Hartmut FrommertKronberg, Christine (1995-05). "Messier 102". Usenet. Retrieved 2009-02-06. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |year= (help)
  104. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 103". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  105. Messier, Charles (1771). "Messier 104". Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  106. Messier, Charles (1783). "Messier 105". Archived from the original on 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  107. Messier, Charles (1783). "Messier 106". Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  108. Messier, Charles (1783). "Messier 107". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  109. Messier, Charles (1783). "Messier 108". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  110. Messier, Charles (1783). "Messier 109". Archived from the original on 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
  111. Messier, Charles (1783). "Messier 110". Archived from the original on 2009-02-26. Retrieved 2009-02-08. {{cite web}}: Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)