Lîsteya zimananaxêvan bi hejmara tevî

Ji Wîkîpediya, ensîklopediya azad.
Here cem: navîgasyon, lêgerîn

Zimanaxêvan dayikî ya behtirî 100 mîlyon[biguherîne]

Ziman Zimanmalbat Rewşa Fermî û cîhên ku zimanan dayik behtirî 1% ê gel Hecmara Zimanaxêv
çînî sîno-tîbetî

Zimana fermî li Komara Gelî ya Cînî (Mandarin; Cantonese de facto

nîv-fermî li Hong Kong û Makau), Taywan (Komara Çînî) (mandarîn; taywanî hat bi zimanek fermî pê ve kirin, lê qebûl nekirin), and Singapore (mandarîn).

Significant communities in

Awustralya (bi piranî li giravên Christmas), Bruneyî, Kamboçya, Kanada , France (Polînesiya Fransî,

Reunion), Endonezya, Jamaîka, Malezya, Mauritius, Mongolya, Myanmar, Nauru, Zelanda Nû, Fîlîpîniyan,

Surinam, Tayland, Yekîtiya Welatên (Kalîforniya, Guam, Hawaî, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New

York, Northern Mariana Islands, Washington), Venezuela, Vîetnam

1080 mîlyon dayikî (1999). Includes:

Mandarin: 872 mîlyon dayikî + 178 mîlyon second Zimanê = 1050 mîlyon

(1999 WA, 2004 CIA)
Wu: 77 mîlyon (2004 CIA)
Cantonese: 76 mîlyon (2005? [unsourced])
[[Min-

Nan|Southern Min/Taiwanese]]: 46 mîlyon (1984)
Jin: 45 mîlyon (1995)
Xiang: 36 mîlyon (1984)

Hakka: 30 mîlyon (1984)
Gan: 21 mîlyon (1984)
Northern Min: 10.3 mîlyon (1984)

Eastern Min: 9.1 mîlyon (2000 WCD)
Hui: 3.2 mîlyon
Pu-Xian Min: 2.6 mîlyon

(2000 WCD).

Hindî Hind û ewropî, Hind û îranî, Hind û arî

Fermî li Fiji (Awadhi), India (Khariboli nationally û in the states of [[Arunachal

Pradesh]], Andaman û Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand,

Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal; Maithili in Bihar).

Significant communities in Belize, Grenada, Guyana, Mauritius, Nepal

[1], South Africa, Surinam, Trinidad û Tobago, Yemen || 370 mîlyon dayikî, 125

mîlyon second Zimanê, = 495 mîlyon total (WA 2005). Includes:

Khariboli (180 mîlyon, 2004 CIA),
[[Bhojpuri

Zimanê|Bhojpuri]] (27 mîlyon, 1997),
Maithili (25 mîlyon, 1981),
Awadhi (21 mîlyon,

1999),
Haryanvi (13 mîlyon, 1992),
Marwari (13 mîlyon, 2002),
Magahi (13

mîlyon, 2002),
Chhattisgarhi (11 mîlyon, 1997),
Kanauji (6 mîlyon, 1977).

spanî Indo-European, Italic, Romance,

Iberian || Fermî li Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,

Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua,

Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Spain, Yekîtiya Welatên (New Mexico, Puerto Rico), Uruguay, Venezuela.

Significant communities in Andorra, Aruba, Belize, Israel, Netherlands ([[Netherlands

Antilles]]), Switzerland, United Kingdom (Cayman Islands, Gibraltar), Yekîtiya Welatên || 322

mîlyon dayikî (2004 CIA), 70 mîlyon second Zimanê (Indiana University 2003) = 390 mîlyon total

inglîzî Indo-European, Germanic, [[West Germanic

zimanên|West]], Anglic || Fermî li Antigua û Barbuda, Avustralya (including

external territories), The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize,

Botswana, Bruneyî, Cameroon, Kanada (nationally û in all major provinces but Quebec), Dominica, Fiji, [[The

Gambia]], Ghana, Grenada, Guyana, People’s Republic of China (Hong Kong), India, Ireland,

Jamaîka, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius,

Micronesia, Namibia, Nauru, Realm of New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, [[Papua

New Guinea]], Fîlîpîniyan, Rwanda, Saint Kitts û Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent û the Grenadines, Samoa,

Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, [[Trinidad û

Tobago]], Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom (and in all overseas territories û [[crown

dependency|crown dependencies]]), Yekîtiya Welatên (unofficial national Zimanê; Fermî li some states û [[unincorporated

territories]]), Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Significant communities in Andorra, Bangladesh,

Bruneyî, Israel, France (Saint-Pierre û Miquelon), Malezya, Maldives, Netherlands

(Aruba), Somalia, Sri Lanka, Switzerland. || 308 mîlyon dayikî (2004 CIA), 510-515 mîlyon total (Indiana University 2003, WA

2005)

erebî Afro-Asiatic, Samî, Central, South Central [[Modern Standard

Arabic]] is Fermî li Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt (along with Egyptian Arabic

as the national Zimanê), Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Niger,

Oman, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates,

Western Sahara, Yemen.

Hassaniya Arabic is Fermî li Mauritania, Senegal; and a national

Zimanê of Mali.

Significant communities in Argentina, Avustralya, Belgium, [[Central African

Republic]], France, Iran, Spain (Ceuta û Melilla), United Kingdom (Gibraltar).

206 mîlyon dayikî, 24 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 230 mîlyon total for all Arabic (WA 1999); 255 mîlyon total (2005 WA).
[[Egyptian

Arabic]]: 46 mîlyon dayikî.
Hassaniya: 2.8 mîlyon dayikî.
Modern Standard Arabic is a second Zimanê only.

portugalî Indo-European, Italic, romanî, Iberian Fermî li Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor,

Guinea-Bissau, People’s Republic of China (Macau), Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé û Príncipe.

Significant communities in Andorra, Antigua, France, India (Daman û Goa), Luxembourg, Namibia,

Paraguay, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Yekîtiya Welatên (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, [[Rhode

Island]]), Venezuela. || 176 mîlyon dayikî (2004 CIA), 10+ mîlyon second Zimanê, = 190 mîlyon total (not counting 4 mîlyon

Galîsiyayî)

Bengalî Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]], Magadhan Prakrit, Bengali-Assamese ||

Fermî li Bangladesh, India (Tripura, West Bengal).

Significant communities in Myanmar,

Oman, United Arab Emirates || 171 mîlyon dayikî, counting 14 mîlyon Chittagonian, 10.3 mîlyon

Sylheti (2004 CIA); 215 mîlyon total (2005 WA)

rusî Indo-European, Slavic, East Fermî li Abkhazia (de jure part of Georgia), Belarus, Kazakhstan,

Kyrgyzstan, Russya, Transnistria (de jure part of Moldova).

Significant communities in

Ermenîstan, Azerbaijan, Estonya, Georgia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan,

Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yekîtiya Welatên (New York), Uzbekistan || 145 mîlyon dayikî (2004 CIA), 110

mîlyon second Zimanê, = 255 mîlyon total (2000, WCD)

Japonî Japonic Fermî li Japon and Palau

(Angaur Island).

Significant communities in Yekîtiya Welatên (Guam, Hawaî) || 127 mîlyon dayikî (2004

CIA), 1 mîlyon second Zimanê (Ryukyuan)

Punjabi Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]], Central Zone (Eastern Punjabi) or North-Western Zone (Western Punjabi) || Fermî li India ([[Punjab

(India)|Punjab]]). National Zimanê in Pakistan (Punjab).

Significant communities

in Kanada, Fiji, Mauritius, United Kingdom || Western: 61–62 mîlyon (2000, WCD); Eastern: 28 mîlyon; [[Siraiki

Zimanê|Siraiki]] 14 mîlyon, = 104 mîlyon total

Zimanê almanî Indo-European, Germanic, [[West Germanic

zimanên|West]], High German || Fermî li Austria, Belgium ([[German-speaking Community of

Belgium|East Cantons]]), Almanya, Îtalya (South Tyrol), Liechtenstein, Luxembûrg, Switzerland (Aargau, [[Appenzell

Ausserrhoden]], Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern, Fribourg,

Glarus, Graubbden, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, St. Gallen,

Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Uri,

Valais, Zug, Zurich).

Significant communities in Argentina, Avustralya,

Belize, Bolîvya, Brezîlya, Kanada, Czech Republic, Fransa, Hungary, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan,

Namîbya, Netherlands, Zelanda Nû, Poland, Paraguay, Yekîtiya Welatên (North Dakota, South Dakota,

Wisconsin),. || 100 mîlyon dayikî (95 mîlyon Standard German [2004 CIA], 5 mîlyon Swiss German), 22 mîlyon second Zimanê =

123 mîlyon total

Zimanaxêvan dayikî ya navbera 30–100 mîlyon[biguherîne]

Ziman Zimanmalbat Rewşa Fermî û cîhên ku zimanan dayik behtirî 1% ê gel Hecmara Zimanaxêv
Frensî Indo-European, Italic, Romance,

Oil || National or Fermî li Belgium (Wallonia û Brussels), Benin, Burkina Faso,

Burundi, Cameroon, Kanada (nationally û in New Brunswick, Quebec, û the territories), Central African Republic,

Chad, Comoros, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Côte d'Ivoire,

Jîbutî, Equatorial Guinea, France (including territories), Gabon, Guinea, Haiti, India (districts of Karaikal

and Pondicherry), Italy (Aosta Valley), Lebanon, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Mali, Martinique,

Mauritius, Monaco, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Switzerland (Bern, [[Canton of

Fribourg|Fribourg]], Geneva, Jura, Neuchtlel, Valais, Vaud), Togo,

United Kingdom (Guernsey, Jersey), Yekîtiya Welatên (Louisiana), Vanuatu. Significant communities

in Zelanda Nû, Yekîtiya Welatên (Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont). Creoles also significant in Dominica, [[Saint

Lucia]]. || 67 mîlyon (2005 estimate)-109 mîlyon (1) dayikî; 119 mîlyon

([http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/actions-france_830/francophonie-langue-francaise_1040/francophonie_3026/francais-dans-monde_11936/index.html

2])-130 mîlyon (2005 WA) total.

Javayî Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi dayikî

to Endonezya (originally Java). Significant communities in France (New Caledonia), Malezya,

Suriname || 76 mîlyon

Korêyî Zimanê isolate Fermî li People's Republic of China ([[Yanbian Korean

Autonomous Prefecture|Yanbian]]), North Korea, South Korea. Significant communities in Avustralya, Japan, [[United

States]] (Guam, Hawaî, Northern Mariana Islands) || 71 mîlyon

Viyetnamî Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Vietic Fermî li

Vîetnam. Significant communities in Avustralya, Kamboçya, Laos, France (New Caledonia), Norway, [[United

States]] (Kalîforniya), Vanuatu. || 70 mîlyon dayikî, perhaps up to 16 mîlyon second Zimanê, = ~ 86 mîlyon total

Telugu Dravidian, South Central Fermî li India ([[Andhra

Pradesh]], district of Yanam). Significant communities in Bahrain, Fiji, Mauritius || 70 mîlyon dayikî, 5 mîlyon second

Zimanê, = 75 mîlyon total (1997)

Marathi Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]], Central Zone || Fermî li India (Daman û Diu, Goa, Maharashtra). Significant

communities in Mauritius. || 68 mîlyon dayikî, 3 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 71 mîlyon total

Tamîlî Dravidian, Southern Fermî li India (Tamil Nadu,

(districts of Karaikal û Pondicherry)), Singapore, Sri Lanka. Significant communities in

Bahrain, Fiji, Malezya, Mauritius, France (Reunion). || 68 mîlyon dayikî, 9 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 77 mîlyon total

Farsî Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Iranian

zimanên|Iranian]], Western, Southwestern|| Fermî li Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan.

Significant communities in Bahrain, Iraq, Israel, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan|| 61-71

mîlyon dayikî (including 50-60% of Iran, 40% of Afghanistan, 15-30% of Uzbekistan), may include Mazanderani û

Gilaki; ~50 mîlyon second Zimanê, 110 mîlyon total (2005)1

Ûrdû Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-

Aryan, Hindustani|| Fermî li India (Jammu û Kashmir {verify if Fermî li Delhi û Uttar Pradesh}),

Pakistan. Significant communities in Bahrain, Botswana, Fiji, Malawi?, Mauritius, Oman, Qatar, [[Saudi

Arabia]], South Africa? || 61 mîlyon dayikî, 43 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 104 mîlyon total

Îtalî Indo-European, Italic, Romance,

Italian || Fermî li Croatia (Istria County), Italy, San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland (Graubbden,

Ticino). Significant communities in Argentina, Avustralya, Belgium, Kanada, France, Greece,

Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Yekîtiya Welatên (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New

York, Rhode Island), Uruguay, Vatican City || 61 mîlyon dayikî (all varieties, including 7 mîlyon Neapolitan û

Calabrese, 5 mîlyon Sicilian [see entry below], but not Sardinian)

Tirkî Altaic, Turkic, Southwestern, Oghuz

Fermî li Bulgaria (regional), Cyprus, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (de jure part of Cyprus), Turkey.

Significant communities in Avustralya, Austria, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Iran, [[Republic of

Macedonia]], Moldova, Netherlands. || 60 mîlyon dayikî, 15 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 75 mîlyon total (2005 estimate). Total for Oghuz

Turkish, including Azeri, Turkmen, û Qashqai, is 100 mîlyon dayikî.

Gujarati Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]], Central Zone || Fermî li India (Gujarat, Daman û Diu, Dadra û Nagar Haveli).

Significant communities in Fiji. || 46 mîlyon

Polonî Indo-European, Slavic, West

Fermî li Poland. Significant communities in Belarus, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine,

Yekîtiya Welatên (Connecticut, Illinois, New Jersey). || 46 mîlyon

Ukrainian Indo-European, Slavic, [[East Slavic

zimanên|East]] || Fermî li Ukraine, Transnistria (de jure part of Moldova). Significant

communities in Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,

Moldova, Russia, Slovakia || 39 mîlyon

Malayalam Dravidian, Southern Fermî li India (Kerala,

Lakshadweep, district of Mahe). Significant communities in Bahrain, United Arab Emirates || 36 mîlyon (1997)

Kannada Dravidian, Southern Fermî li India (Karnataka).

35 mîlyon dayikî, 9 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 44 mîlyon total (1997)

Oriya Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]], Magadhi || Fermî li India (Orissa). || 32 mîlyon dayikî (1997)

Burmese Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese Fermî li Myanmar. 32

mîlyon dayikî, 10 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 42 mîlyon total

Thai Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai Fermî li Tayland.

~31 mîlyon dayikî (1983 SIL, 1990 Diller, 2000 WCD) (dated data), = ~60 mîlyon first & second Zimanê (2001 A. Diller). Includes Southern

Thai, Northern Thai/Western Lao, but not Shan, Isan, or Lao.

Zimanaxêvan dayikî ya navbera 10–30 mîlyon[biguherîne]

Ziman Zimanmalbat Rewşa Fermî û cîhên ku zimanan dayik behtirî 1% ê gel Hecmara Zimanaxêv
Amharic Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South Fermî li

Ethiopia. Significant communities in Israel. || 27 mîlyon dayikî (32.7% Ethiopia [1994 census] û 2.7 mîlyon

emigrants), 10% (7 mîlyon) as a second Zimanê = 34 mîlyon total

Sundanese Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi

dayikî to Endonezya (originally western Java) || 27 mîlyon (1990)

Azerî Altaic, Turkic, Southwestern, Oghuz

Fermî li Azerbaijan. dayikî to Iran. Significant communities in Armenia, Estonia,

Georgia, Iraq. || 21-33 mîlyon dayikî, including Qashqai (data for Iran uncertain); 8 mîlyon

second Zimanê (outside Iran)

Kurdî Hind û ewropî, Hind û îranî, [[Iranian

zimanên|Îranî]], Western, Northwestern|| Fermî li Iraq. dayikî to

Ermenistan, Îran, Sûrî, Tirkiye. Significant communities in Almanya, Lubnan. || ~26 mîlyon (%20 ji akinciyên

Tirkiyê)

Pashto Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Iranian

zimanên|Iranian]], Eastern, Southeastern || Fermî li

Afghanistan. dayikî to Pakistan. Significant communities in Iran, United Arab Emirates. || 21–27

mîlyon (data uncertain; ethnic population ~30 mîlyon)

Hausa Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, West Fermî li

Niger, north Nigeria. Significant communities in Chad, Benin, Ghana, Sudan || 24 mîlyon dayikî, ~ 15

mîlyon second Zimanê, = ~ 40 milyon total

Oromo Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East Cushitic

National Zimanê of Ethiopia. Significant communities in Kenya || 24 mîlyon dayikî (31.6% of Ethiopia [1994

census]), ~ 2 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 26 mîlyon total (1998 census)

Romanian Indo-European, Italic, [[Romance

zimanên|Romance]], Eastern || Fermî li Moldova, Romania, Serbia (Vojvodina).

Significant communities in Greece, Hungary, Israel, Spain. || 24–26 mîlyon (2002)

Indonesian Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi [[Malayic

zimanên|Malayic]] || Fermî li Endonezya. Significant communities in the Netherlands, Timor-Leste

23 mîlyon dayikî, 140+ mîlyon second Zimanê, = 165 mîlyon total; 175 mîlyon total all Malay (2005 WA)
Tagalog Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, [[Central

Philippine zimanên|Central Philippines]]|| Fermî li Fîlîpîniyan. Significant communities in Kanada, [[People’s

Republic of China]] (Hong Kong), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yekîtiya Welatên (Alaska, Kalîforniya,

Guam, Hawaî, Northern Mariana Islands).|| 22 mîlyon dayikî (2000 census), ~65 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 85 mîlyon total

Dutch Indo-European, Germanic, [[West Germanic

zimanên|West]], Low Franconian || Fermî li Belgium (Brussels û Flanders),

Kingdom of the Netherlands, Suriname. || 22 mîlyon [2]

[3]

Uzbek Altaic, Turkic, Eastern Fermî li

Uzbekistan. dayikî to Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan || 20 mîlyon (1995)

Sindhi Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]]|| Fermî li India, Pakistan. Significant communities in People’s Republic of China

(Hong Kong) ?, Oman?. || 20 mîlyon dayikî, 1 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 21 mîlyon total (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Yoruba Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, [[Defoid

zimanên|Defoid]], Yoruboid || Fermî li Nigeria. dayikî to Benin || 19 mîlyon

dayikî, 2 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 21 mîlyon total (1993)

Somali Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Central Cushitic Fermî li

Somalia. dayikî to Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya. Significant communities in United Arab Emirates,

Yemen || 13-25 mîlyon (2004 WCD)

Lao Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Tai Fermî li Laos. dayikî to

Tayland. || ~19 mîlyon Lao-Phutai dialects (including Isan) (data dated)

Cebuano Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, [[Central

Philippine zimanên|Central Philippine]] || dayikî to Fîlîpîniyan || 18.5 mîlyon (2000 census)

Malay Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, [[Malayic

zimanên|Malayic]] || Fermî li Bruneyî, Malezya, Singapore. dayikî to Malezya, Endonezya,

Tayland. Significant communities in Avustralya, Bahrain. || 18 mîlyon dayikî, 3 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 21 mîlyon total

(not counting Indonesian)

Igbo Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Igboid

Fermî li Nigeria || 18 mîlyon dayikî (1999 WA), unknown number second Zimanê.

Malagasy Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Borneo-Philippines, [[Barito

zimanên|Barito]]|| Fermî li Madagascar. Significant communities in Mayotte, Reunion. || 17 mîlyon

Nepali Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]]|| Fermî li Nepal, India (Sikkim). Significant communities in Bhutan. ||

17 mîlyon dayikî (2001 census), perhaps 10–15 mîlyon second Zimanê?

Assamese Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]], Magadhan Prakrit, Bengali-Assamese ||

Fermî li India (Assam). Significant communities in Bhutan. || 15 mîlyon (1997)

Shona Niger-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê of Zimbabwe.

Significant communities in Botswana, Mozambique. || 15 mîlyon dayikî, 1.8 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 16-17 mîlyon total,

including Ndau, Manyika (2000 A. Chebanne)

Khmer Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer Fermî li Kamboçya. Significant communities

in Tayland, Yekîtiya Welatên (Kalîforniya), Vîetnam || 14 mîlyon dayikî, 1 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 15 mîlyon total (2004)

Zhuang Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Tai Fermî li [[People's Republic of

China]] (Guangxi) || 14 mîlyon dayikî (1992), unknown number second Zimanê

Madura Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Sunda-Sulawesi dayikî

to Endonezya (Originally Java, Madura)|| 14 mîlyon (1995)

Hungarian Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Ugric

Fermî li Hungary, Serbia (Vojvodina), Slovenia. Significant communities in Israel, Romania,

Slovakia, Ukraine || 14 mîlyon dayikî (1995)

Sinhala Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, [[Indo-Aryan

zimanên|Indo-Aryan]]|| Fermî li Sri Lanka. Significant communities in United Arab Emirates || 13 mîlyon

dayikî, 2 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 15 mîlyon total (1993)

Fulani Niger-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, [[Senegambian

zimanên|Senegambian]] || Fermî li Niger, Nigeria, Senegal. National Zimanê of Guinea,

Mali. Significant communities in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gambia,

Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Sierra Leone. || ~13 mîlyon (all varieties)

Tamazight Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern National Zimanê in

Algeria (Kabyle), Morocco. Significant communities in France, Netherlands, Spain

(Ceuta & Melilla). || 13+ mîlyon (1998)

Czech Indo-European, Slavic, West

Fermî li Czech Republic. || 12 mîlyon (1990 WA).

Greek Indo-European, Greek Fermî li Cyprus, Greece.

Significant communities in Albania, Avustralya, Kanada, Egypt, Georgia. || 12 mîlyon (2004)

Serbian Indo-European, Slavic, [[South Slavic

zimanên|South]] || Fermî li Bosnia û Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia. Significant communities in

Croatia, Avustralya, Sweden, Switzerland. || 11 mîlyon (1981 WA); Serbian-Croatian-Bosnian together = 17 mîlyon

Quechua Quechuan Fermî li Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru.

Significant communities in Argentina || 10.4 mîlyon, all varieties

Zimanaxêvan dayikî ya navbera 3–10 mîlyon[biguherîne]

Ziman Zimanmalbat Rewşa Fermî û cîhên ku zimanan dayik behtirî 1% ê gel Hecmara Zimanaxêv
Zulu Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li South Africa.

Significant communities in Lesotho, Swaziland || 9.6 mîlyon dayikî, ~16 mîlyon second Zimanê, = ~25 mîlyon total (1996 census)

Chichewa (Nyanja) Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li Malawi,

Zambia. Significant communities in Mozambique, Zimbabwe. || 9.3 mîlyon dayikî (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk), 0.4 mîlyon

second Zimanê (1999 WA), = 9.7 mîlyon total

Belarusian Indo-European, Slavic, [[East Slavic

zimanên|East]]|| Fermî li Belarus. Significant communities in Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania || 9.1

mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Swedish Indo-European, Germanic, [[North Germanic

zimanên|North]]||| National Zimanê of Sweden. Fermî li ?and (Finland), Finland || 8.8 mîlyon

(1986), ~9 mîlyon (2005)

Kongo Niger-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê in Angola, Congo-

Brazzaville (Kituba), Congo-Kinshasa. || 8.7 mîlyon, all varieties, including Yombe

and creolized Kituba (1986-2002) (dated data)

Akan Niger-Congo, Kwa National Zimanê in Ghana 8.3 mîlyon

dayikî, ~1 mîlyon second Zimanê, = ~10 mîlyon total (2004 SIL)

Kazakh Altaic, Turkic Fermî li Kazakhstan. Significant

communities in People's Republic of China (Xinjiang), Mongolya, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan || 8.2 mîlyon

Hmong Hmong-Mien China. Significant communities in France

(French Guiana), Laos, Yekîtiya Welatên (Minnesota, Wisconsin), Vîetnam || ~8 mîlyon, all varieties (1999 Li

Yunbing)

Yi Tibeto-Burman People's Republic of China 7.8 mîlyon ethnic Yi (2000 census)
Tshiluba Niger-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê of [[Democratic

Republic of the Congo|Congo-Kinshasa]] || 7.8 mîlyon dayikî, 0.7 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 8.5 mîlyon total (1991 UBS). Includes 1.5 mîlyon

Kiluba.

Ilokano Austronesian, Borneo-Philippines, [[Northern Luzon

zimanên|Northern Luzon]]|| Fîlîpîniyan. Significant communities in Yekîtiya Welatên (Hawaî). || 7.7 mîlyon dayikî (2000

census), unknown number second Zimanê (1991 UBS)

Bulgarian Indo-European, Slavic, [[South Slavic

zimanên|South]] || Fermî li Bulgaria. Significant communities in Moldova. || 6.6 mîlyon in Bulgaria

(2005) û ~1 mîlyon abroad

Uyghur Altaic, Turkic Fermî li People's Republic of China

(Xinjiang). Significant communities in Kazakhstan || 7.6 mîlyon

Haitian Creole Indo-European, Romance, [[creole

Zimanê|Creole]]|| Fermî li Haiti. Significant communities in Bahamas, Kanada (Quebec), [[Cayman

Islands]] (UK), Dominican Republic, France (Guadeloupe), Yekîtiya Welatên (Connecticut,

Florida, Massachusetts, New York). || 7.4 mîlyon (2001)

Kinyarwanda Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li Rwanda.

Significant communities in Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda || 7.3 mîlyon (1998)

Xhosa Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li South Africa.

Significant communities in Lesotho || 7.2 mîlyon (1996 census)

Balochi Indo-European, Iranian dayikî to

Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan. Significant communities in Oman, United Arab Emirates || 7.0 mîlyon (1998)

Hebrew Afro-Asiatic, Semitic Fermî li Israel. Significant communities in

West Bank (Palestinian Territories). || ~7 mîlyon dayikî (2004? needs verification), 5.1 mîlyon (1998) (10 mîlyon literate)

Hiligaynon Austronesian, Borneo-Philippines, [[Central Philippine

zimanên|Central Philippine]], Visayan|| Fîlîpîniyan || 6.9 mîlyon (2000 census), unknown number second Zimanê

Tigrinya Afro-Asiatic, Semitic Fermî li Eritrea, Ethiopia 4.5 mîlyon in

Ethiopia (6% of population-1994 census), ~2.25 mîlyon in Eritrea (50% of population-CIA) = 6.75 dayikî, 146,934 as second Zimanê (1994

census) = 6.9 mîlyon total

Catalan Indo-European, Romance Fermî li

Andorra, Spain (Balearic Islands, Catalonia, Valencia). dayikî to France (Pyr??s-Orientales),

Italy (Alghero). || 6.7 mîlyon dayikî, ~5 mîlyon second Zimanê, = ~12 mîlyon total (1996) (includes Valencian)

Armenian Indo-European, isolate Fermî li Armenia, [[Nagorno-

Karabakh]] (de jure part of Azerbaijan). Significant communities in Georgia, Lebanon,

Syria. || 6.7 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk, etc.)

Minangkabau Austronesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, [[Malayic

zimanên|Malayic]]|| Endonezya (Sumatra)|| 6.5 mîlyon (1981 Moussay) (dated data)

Turkmen Altaic, Turkic Fermî li Turkmenistan. Significant

communities in Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq. || 6.4 mîlyon (1995)

Makua Niger-Congo, Bantu Major Zimanê of Mozambique. Significant communities

in Tanzania || 6.4 mîlyon, all varieties, including Lomwe

Croatian Indo-European, Slavic, [[South Slavic

zimanên|South]] || Fermî li Bosnia û Herzegovina, Croatia. Significant communities in Austria,

Slovenia || 6.2 mîlyon

Santali Austro-Asiatic, Munda Fermî li India 6.2 mîlyon (1997)
Batak Austronesian, Borneo-Philippines Sunda- Sulawesi, Northern Sumatra|| Endonezya || ~6.2 mîlyon, all varieties (c. 1991 UBS) (dated data). Includes [[Toba

Zimanê|Toba]], Dairi, Simalungun, etc.

Albanian Indo-European, isolate Fermî li Albania, [[Republic

of Macedonia|Macedonia]], Serbia (Kosovo). Significant communities in Greece. || 6.0 mîlyon (data from Albania

dated)

Afrikaans Indo-European, Germanic Fermî li

South Africa. Significant communities in Namibia. || 6.0 mîlyon dayikî, 10.3 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 16 mîlyon total

(1996 census)

Mongolian Altaic, Mongolian Fermî li [[People's Republic of

China]] (Inner Mongolia), Mongolya || 5.7 mîlyon

Bhili Indo-European, Indic India 5.6 mîlyon, all varieties (1994) (dated

data). Includes 1.6 mîlyon Wagdi, etc.

Danish Indo-European, Germanic, [[North Germanic

zimanên|North]]|| Fermî li Denmark, Faroe Islands (Denmark), Greenland (Denmark). Significant communities

in Germany (Southern Schleswig) || 5.6 mîlyon (2006?)

Finnish Uralic, Finnic Fermî li Finland, Russia ([[Republic

of Karelia]]). Significant communities in Sweden. || 5.4 mîlyon (1993) (dated data)

Gikuyu Niger-Congo, Bantu Major Zimanê of Kenya 5.3 mîlyon (1994 I. Larsen

BTL)

Slovak Indo-European, Slavic, West

Fermî li Slovakia. || 5.0 mîlyon (1990 WA)

[[More Zimanê|M?r?] Niger-Congo, Gur National Zimanê of Burkina Faso ~5 mîlyon (1991)
Swahili Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li Congo- Kinshasa, Kenya, Tanzania. Significant communities in Comoros, Mayotte, Oman, R?nion. || ~5 mîlyon dayikî, ~40

mîlyon second Zimanê [data need verification; only 700 thousand dayikî in Tanzania]

Guarani Tupi Fermî li Paraguay. Significant communities in

Argentina. || 4.9 mîlyon (1995)

Kirundi Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li Burundi. 4.9 mîlyon

(1986) (dated data)

Sesotho (southern) Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li Lesotho,

South Africa. || 4.9 mîlyon (1996 census)

Romani Indo-European, Indic Significant communities in Albania,

Bosnia û Herzegovina Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Iran, Macedonia,

Montenegro, Netherlands, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey || 4.8 mîlyon, all varieties, including [[Domari

Zimanê|Domari]] (data for Vlax 2002–2004; for Domari 2000 WCD).

Norwegian Indo-European, Germanic, [[North Germanic

zimanên|North]]|| Fermî li Norway. || 4.7 mîlyon (2006, Statistics Norway)

Tibetan Tibeto-Burman Fermî li People's Republic of China ([[Tibet

Autonomous Region|Tibet]], Qinghai, parts of Sichuan, Gansu) || 4.6 mîlyon, all varieties

Kanuri Nilo-Saharan, Saharan Fermî li Niger, Nigeria.

Significant communities in Chad (Kanembu) || 4.4 mîlyon dayikî, 0.5 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 4.9 mîlyon total

(data mostly from 1985) (dated data)

Tswana Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li Botswana, South Africa. National

Zimanê of Namibia || 4.4 mîlyon dayikî, 0.2 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 4.6 mîlyon total (1993 Johnstone) (dated data)

Kashmiri Indo-European, Indic Fermî li India ([[Jammu û

Kashmir]]), dayikî to Pakistan. || 4.6 mîlyon (1997)

Georgian Kartvelian Fermî li Georgia. Significant

communities in Israel. || 4.2 mîlyon (1993 UBS)

Umbundu Niger-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê of Angola ~4 mîlyon dayikî, unknown number

second Zimanê (1995 WA)

Konkani Indo-European, Indic Fermî li India

(Goa).Significant communities in Uttara_Kannada,Dakshina_Kannada. || ~4 mîlyon (1999 WA)

Balinese Austronesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Bali-Sasak
Endonezya (Bali, Lombok) || 3.9 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)
Northern Sotho (sePedi) Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li

South Africa. Significant communities in Botswana || 3.7 mîlyon (1996 census)

Bikol Austronesian, Borneo-Philippines, [[Central Philippine

zimanên|Central Philippine]]|| Fîlîpîniyan || 3.7 dayikî (2000 census), unknown number second Zimanê

Luyia Niger-Congo, Bantu Kenya 3.6 mîlyon (1989 census) (dated data)
Wolof Niger-Congo, Atlantic Fermî li Senegal. Significant

communities in The Gambia. || 3.6 mîlyon dayikî (2002), unknown number second Zimanê

Bemba Niger-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê of Zambia 3.6 mîlyon dayikî, unknown

number second Zimanê (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Buginese Austronesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, South Sulawesi|| Endonezya || 3.5 mîlyon dayikî, 0.5 mîlyon second Zimanê, = ~4 mîlyon total (1991 SIL)
Luo (Dholuo) Nilo-Saharan, Nilotic Kenya 3.5 mîlyon (1994 I. Larsen BTL) (dated data)
Maninka Niger-Congo, Mande National Zimanê of Guinea, Mali.

Significant numbers in Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone. || 3.3 mîlyon, all varieties

Mazanderani Indo-European, Iranian Iran 3.3

mîlyon (1993) (dated data) (numbers may be confused with or include Gilaki)

Gilaki Indo-European, Iranian Iran 3.3 mîlyon (1993)

(dated data) (numbers may be confused with or include Mazanderani)

Shan Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Tai Myanmar 3.3 mîlyon
Tsonga Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li South Africa. Significant communities in

Mozambique, Swaziland. || 3.3 mîlyon (1989, 1996) (dated data)

Galician Indo-European, Romance. Fermî li

Spain. || 3.2 mîlyon (1986) (data dated)

Sukuma Niger-Congo, Bantu Tanzania 3.2 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)
Yiddish Indo-European, Germanic Significant

communities in Belarus, Israel, Latvia, Ukraine. || 3.2 mîlyon

Jamaican Creole Indo-European, Germanic, Creole

Jamaîka. Significant communities in Panama, Costa Rica || 3.2 mîlyon (2001)

Kyrgyz Altaic, Turkic Fermî li Kyrgyzstan. dayikî to

Tajikistan || 3.1 mîlyon (1993 UBS) (dated data)

Waray-Waray Austronesian, Borneo-Philippines, [[Central Philippine

zimanên|Central Philippine]], Visayan || Fîlîpîniyan || 3.1 dayikî (2000 census), unknown number second Zimanê

Ewe Niger-Congo, Kwa Fermî li Togo. National Zimanê of

Ghana. || 3.1 mîlyon dayikî, 0.5 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 3.6 mîlyon total (2003)

Lithuanian Indo-European, Baltic Fermî li

Lithuania. Significant communities in Latvia. || 3.1 mîlyon (1998)

Luganda Niger-Congo, Bantu Major Zimanê of Uganda 3.0 mîlyon dayikî (1991

census), ~1 mîlyon second Zimanê (1999 WA), = ~ 4 mîlyon total

Acehnese Austronesian, Sunda-Sulawesi, Malayic
Endonezya || ~3 mîlyon (1999 WA)
Kimbundu Niger-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê of Angola ~3 mîlyon (1999 WA)
Hindko Indo-European, Indic Pakistan ~3 mîlyon (1993) (dated data)
Ibibio-Efik Niger-Congo, Cross River Efik Fermî li Nigeria ~3

mîlyon, including Anaang (1990; 1998 B. Connell) (dated data)

Zimanaxêvan dayikî ya navbera 1–3 mîlyon[biguherîne]

Ziman Zimanmalbat Rewşa Fermî û cîhên ku zimanan dayik behtirî 1% ê gel Hecmara Zimanaxêv
Rajbangsi Indo-European, Indic India 3.0 mîlyon (1991 census) (dated

data)

Garhwali Indo-European, Indic India 2.9 mîlyon (2000)
Bambara Niger-Congo, Mande National Zimanê of Mali 2.8 mîlyon dayikî, 10

mîlyon second Zimanê, = 13 mîlyon total

Ometo Afro-Asiatic, Omotic Ethiopia 2.8 mîlyon, all varieties, including [[Welayta

Zimanê|Welayta]] (1998 census)

Indian Sign Zimanê Zimanê isolate (Sign Zimanê) Bangladesh, India, Pakistan 2.7 mîlyon in India,

plus unknown number in Bangladesh, Pakistan (2003). Same Zimanê as Pakistani Sign Zimanê

Betawi creole Austronesian Endonezya 2.7 mîlyon (1993 Johnstone) (dated data)
Karen Tibetan-Burman Myanmar, Tayland 2.6 mîlyon, all varieties (dated data)
Gondi Dravidian India 2.6 mîlyon (1997)
Senoufo Niger-Congo, Gur National Zimanê of Mali. dayikî to [[Burkina

Faso]], C?e d'Ivoire. || 2.6 mîlyon, all varieties (1991, 1993, 2001) (dated data)

Kalenjin Nilo-Saharan, Nilotic Kenya 2.5 mîlyon (1989 census) (dated data)
Kumauni Indo-European, Indic India 2.4 mîlyon in India (1998)
Kamba Niger-Congo, Bantu Kenya 2.4 mîlyon dayikî, 0.6 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 3.0 mîlyon total (1989 census)

(dated data)

Luri Indo-European, Iranian Iran 2.4 mîlyon (1999, 2001)
K'iche' Mayan Guatemala 2.3 mîlyon (2000 SIL)
Kapampangan Austronesian Fîlîpîniyan 2.3 mîlyon (2000 census)
Bosnian Indo-European, Slavic, [[South Slavic

zimanên|South]] || Fermî li Bosnia û Herzegovina || 1.8–2.7 mîlyon (2004) [needs verification]

Aymara Aymaran Fermî li Bolivia, Peru. Significant numbers

in Argentina. || 2.2 mîlyon Central Aymara (1987), plus unknown number Southern Aymara in Peru (dated data; needs confirmation)

Tiv Niger-Congo, Bantoid Nigeria 2.2 mîlyon dayikî, unknown number second Zimanê (1991 UBS)

(dated data)

Brahui Dravidian Pakistan, Afghanistan 2.2 mîlyon
Gbaya Niger-Congo, Ubangian Central African Republic, Congo- Kinshasa || 2.2 mîlyon, all varieties, including Ngbaka (2000 WCD)
Zarma Nilo-Saharan, Songhai Fermî li Niger 2.2 mîlyon (1998)
[[Baoul?Zimanê|Baoul?] Niger-Congo, Kwa C?e d'Ivoire 2.1 mîlyon (1993 SIL) (dated data)
Dogri Indo-European, Indic Fermî li India ([[Jammu û

Kashmir]]) || 2.1 mîlyon (1997)

Lingala Niger-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê of Congo- Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa. || 2.1 mîlyon dayikî (2000 WCD), 7 mîlyon second Zimanê in Congo-Kinshasa

(1999 WA), unknown additional second Zimanê speakers in Congo-Brazzaville, = 9+ mîlyon total.

Sasak Austronesian Endonezya 2.1 mîlyon (1989) (dated data)
Kurux Dravidian India, Nepal 2.1 mîlyon (1997)
Mundari Austro-Asiatic, Munda India 2.1 mîlyon (1997)
Dinka Nilo-Saharan, Nilotic Southern Sudan 2+ mîlyon
Slovenian Indo-European, Slavic Fermî li

Austria, Italy, Slovenia. || 2.0 mîlyon (1991 census) (dated data)

Buyei Tai-Kadai China ~2 mîlyon (1990 census) (dated data)
Beti-Pahuin Niger-Congo, Bantu Major Zimanê of Gabon, Equatorial Guinea. Significant

communities in Cameroon, S? Tom?e Pr?cipe. || ~2 mîlyon. Includes Fang, Ewondo, etc.

Dimli Indo-European, Iranian Turkey 1.5 to 2.5 mîlyon

(all dialects) (1998 Paul)

Tulu Dravidian India 1.9 mîlyon (1997)
Sidamo Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic Ethiopia 1.9 mîlyon, 0.1 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 2.0 mîlyon

total (1998 census)

Bashkir Altaic, Turkic Fermî li Russia (Bashkortostan)

1.9 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Yao Niger-Congo, Bantu Malawi, Tanzania, Mozambique ~1.9 mîlyon (2001

Johnstone û Mandryk)

Chuvash Altaic, Turkic Fermî li Russia (Chuvashia) 1.8

mîlyon dayikî, 0.2 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 2.0 mîlyon total (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Ijaw Niger-Congo, unclassified Nigeria 1.8 mîlyon (all varieties)
Fon Niger-Congo, Kwa National Zimanê of Benin Significant communities in

Togo || 1.7 mîlyon dayikî (2000 Hoddenbagh), unknown number second Zimanê

Swazi Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li South Africa, Swaziland. Significant

communities in Lesotho || 1.7 mîlyon (1996 census, 1993 Johnstone)

Nyankore Niger-Congo, Bantu Uganda 1.6 mîlyon (1991 census) (dated data)
Tatar Altaic, Turkic Fermî li Russia (Tatarstan).

Significant communities in Bashkortostan, Kazakstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan || 1.6 mîlyon (1989 census)

[6.6 mîlyon ethnic Tatar]

Makasar Austronesian Endonezya 1.6 mîlyon dayikî, 0.4 mîlyon second Zimanê, = 2 mîlyon total

(1989) (dated data)

Macedonian Indo-European, Slavic Fermî li

Macedonia || 1.6 mîlyon (1986) (dated data)

Gusii Niger-Congo, Bantu Kenya 1.6 mîlyon (1994 I. Larsen BTL) (dated data)
Khandesi Indo-European, Indic India 1.6 mîlyon (1997)
Ndebele Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li South Africa. National Zimanê

of Zimbabwe. || 1.6 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Chin Tibetan-Burman Myanmar, India 1.6 mîlyon (1990 BAP, 1996 UBS) (dated data). All

varieties, but not including Mizo etc.

Sara Nilo-Saharan, Central Sudanic, Bongo-Bagirmi

National Zimanê of Chad. Significant communities in Central African Republic. || 1.5 mîlyon dayikî, all

varieties, large number second-Zimanê speakers (dated data)

Pangasinan Austronesian Fîlîpîniyan 1.5 mîlyon (2000 census)
Latvian Indo-European, Baltic Fermî li

Latvia. Significant communities in Avustralya. || 1.5 mîlyon

Tonga Niger-Congo, Bantu Zambia, Zimbabwe 1.5 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)
Lampung Austronesian Endonezya ~1.5 mîlyon (1981 Wurm û Hattori) (dated data)
Sardinian Indo-European, Romance Fermî li

Italy (Sardinia) || ~1.5 mîlyon (1977 M. Ibba, Rutgers University) (dated data)

Scots Indo-European, Germanic, [[West Germanic

zimanên|West]], Anglic|| Scotland, Significant communities in Northern Ireland || ~1.5 mîlyon dayikî (General Register

Office for Scotland, 1996)

Dong Tai-Kadai China 1.5 mîlyon
Mende Niger-Congo, Mande National Zimanê of Sierra Leone 1.5 mîlyon dayikî,

unknown number second Zimanê (1987 UBS) (dated data)

T? Tai-Kadai Vîetnam 1.5 mîlyon in Viet Nam (1999 census)
Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan, isolate Mexico 1.4 mîlyon (all varieties) (dated data)
Afar Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti 1.4 mîlyon (1998 census)
Dagbani Niger-Congo, Gur National Zimanê of Ghana 1.4 mîlyon,

including Kusaal, Mampruli (2004 SIL)

Koli Indo-European, Indic India, Pakistan 1.4 mîlyon, all varieties (some data

dated)

Chiga Niger-Congo, Bantu Uganda 1.4 mîlyon (1991 census) (dated data)
Soga Niger-Congo, Bantu Uganda 1.4 mîlyon (1991 census) (dated data)
Tumbuka Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li Malawi. Significant communities in

Zambia || 1.3 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Iu Mien Hmong-Mien, Yao China 1.3 mîlyon, all varieties (1995 Wang

and Mao)

Meru Niger-Congo, Bantu Kenya 1.3 mîlyon (1994 I. Larsen BTL) (dated data)
Gogo Niger-Congo, Bantu Tanzania ~1.3 mîlyon (1992 UBS) (dated data)
Teso Nilo-Saharan, Nilotic Uganda. Significant communities in Kenya 1.3 mîlyon (1991

census) (dated data)

Meithei Tibetan-Burman Fermî li India (Manipur) 1.3 mîlyon (1997)
Tamang Tibetan-Burman Nepal 1.3 mîlyon
Makonde Niger-Congo, Bantu Tanzania, Mozambique 1.3 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)
Bai Tibetan-Burman, unclassified China 1.2 mîlyon (2003)
Tuareg Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Southern Fermî li

Niger. National Zimanê of Mali. || 1.2 mîlyon (1991-1998) [dated data]

Mandinka Niger-Congo, Mande Fermî li Senegal. Significant communities in

Gambia, Guinea-Bissau. || 1.2 mîlyon (2002)

Jula Niger-Congo, Mande dayikî to Burkina Faso, Significant communities in

C?e d'Ivoire || ~1.2 mîlyon dayikî, 3 to 4 mîlyon second Zimanê

Temne Niger-Congo, Atlantic National Zimanê of Sierra Leone

~1.2 mîlyon dayikî, 0.2 mîlyon second Zimanê, = ~1.4 mîlyon total (1989 J. Kaiser) (dated data)

Haya Niger-Congo, Bantu Tanzania ~1.2 mîlyon (1991 UBS) (dated data)
Serer Niger-Congo, Atlantic Fermî li Senegal. Significant communities in

Gambia. || 1.2 mîlyon (2002)

Beja Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic or isolate Sudan, Eritrea 1.2 mîlyon (1982 SIL) (dated data)
Nyamwezi Niger-Congo, Bantu Tanzania 1.2 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)
Abron Niger-Congo, Kwa Ghana 1.2 mîlyon (2003)
Alur Nilo-Saharan, Nilotic Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda 1.2

mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Sena Niger-Congo, Bantu Mozambique, Malawi 1.2 mîlyon, all varieties
Azande Niger-Congo, Ubangian Congo-Kinshasa, Southern Sudan, [[Central African

Republic]] || 1.1 mîlyon (dated data)

Walloon Indo-European, Romance Belgium 1.1 mîlyon

(1998)

Anyi Niger-Congo, Kwa C?e d'Ivoire, Ghana 1.2 mîlyon (1993 SIL) (dated data)
Malvi Indo-European, Indic India 1.1 mîlyon (1997)
Kinaray-a Austronesian Fîlîpîniyan 1.1 mîlyon dayikî (2000 census)
Soninke Niger-Congo, Mande Fermî li Senegal. National Zimanê of

Mali. Significant communities in Burkina Faso, C?e d'Ivoire, Gambia, Mauritania. || 1.10 mîlyon (1991) (dated data)

Ho Austro-Asiatic, Munda India 1.08 mîlyon (1997)
Estonian Uralic, Finnic Fermî li Estonia 1.08 mîlyon (1989

census) (dated data)

Nyakyusa Niger-Congo, Bantu Tanzania, Malawi 1.05 mîlyon (1992 UBS) (dated data)
Gwari Niger-Congo, Nupe Nigeria 1.05 mîlyon (1991 SIL, 2002 SIL) (dated data)
Lugbara Nilo-Saharan, Central Sudanic, Moru-Madi

Congo-Kinshasa, Uganda || 1.04 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk, 1983 SIL) (dated data)

Naga Tibetan-Burman India 1.03 mîlyon, all varieties (1997)
Susu Niger-Congo, Mande National Zimanê of Guinea. Significant communities in

Sierra Leone. || 1.03 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û Mandryk)

Tausug Austronesian Fîlîpîniyan 1.02 mîlyon dayikî (2000 census)
Chokwe Niger-Congo, Bantu National Zimanê of Angola. Significant communities in

Congo-Kinshasa || 1.01 mîlyon (1990 UBS) (dated data)

Kabardian Caucasic, Circassian Fermî li

Russia (Kabardino-Balkaria). Significant communities in Karachay-Cherkessia, Turkey || 1.01 mîlyon (1993 UBS, 2001

Johnstone û Mandryk) (dated data)

Ryukyu Japonic, Ryukyuan Japan 1.01 mîlyon, all varieties

(2000 WCD)

Magindanaw Austronesian Fîlîpîniyan 1.0 mîlyon dayikî (2000 census), unknown number second

Zimanê

Maranao Austronesian Fîlîpîniyan 1.0 mîlyon dayikî (2000 census)
Songe Niger-Congo, Bantu Congo-Kinshasa ~1 mîlyon (1991 WA)

(dated data)

Rejang Austronesian Endonezya ~1 mîlyon (1981 Wurm û Hattori) (dated data)
Bini Niger-Congo, Edo Fermî li Nigeria ~1 mîlyon (1999 WA)
Ebira Niger-Congo, Nupe Nigeria ~1 mîlyon (1989 J. Adive) (dated data)
Dagaare Niger-Congo, Gur National Zimanê of Ghana. Significant communities

in Burkina Faso. || ~1 mîlyon (2003)

Gujari Indo-European, Indic Afghanistan, India, Pakistan 0.99

mîlyon (2000 WCD)

Tharu Indo-European, Indic Nepal 0.99 mîlyon, all varieties
Chechen Caucasic, Nakh Fermî li Russia

(Chechnya). || 0.96 mîlyon (1989 census) (dated data!)

Venda Niger-Congo, Bantu Fermî li South Africa 0.96 mîlyon (1996 census)
Arakanese Tibetan-Burman Myanmar, Bangladesh 0.95 mîlyon (2001 Johnstone û

Mandryk)