Lîsteya welatan ji hêla hilberîna pola

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Ev gotar hilberîna pola li ser asta cîhanê li gorî welat bi kurtî vedibêje.

Di sala 2020 de, tevahiya hilberîna pola xav a cîhanê 1877,5 mîlyon ton bû. Welatê herî mezin ê hilberînera pola niha Çîn e, ku di sala 2020-an de %57 hilberîna pola ya cîhanê pêk tîne. [1] Di sala 2020 de Çîn bû welatê yekem ku zêdetirî mîlyar ton pola hilberand. [2] Hilberîna pola xav di sala 2019an de ji xeynî Asya û Rojhilata Navîn li hemû cîhanê kêm bû.

Lîsteya welatan ji hêla hilberîna pola[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Crude steel production (million metric tons):
Rank (2020) Welat/Herêm 2020[1] 2019[3][4] 2018[5][6] 2017[1][7] 2016[1][8] 2015[9] 2014[10] 2013[11] 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2000 1990 1980 1967
Cîhan 1,877.5 1,874.4 1,808.4 1,674.8 1,606.3 1,620.4 1,670.1 1,649.3 1,552.9 1,490.1 1,413.6 1,219.7 1,326.5 1,351.3 850.1 770.4 716.4 497.2
1 Çîn 1,064.8 995.4 920.0 831.7 786.9 803.8 822.7 779.0 724.7 683.3 626.7 573.6 500.3 494.9 128.5 66.4 37.1 14.0
Yekitiya Ewropayê 139.2 159.4 168.2 168.7 162.3 166.2 169.3 166.4 168.6 177.7 172.8 139.3 198.2 210.2 193.5 191.8 208.0 n/a
2 Hindistan 100.3 111.4 109.3 101.5 95.5 89.6 87.3 81.2 77.3 72.2 68.3 62.8 57.8 53.5 26.9 15.0 9.5 6.3
3 Japan 83.2 99.3 104.3 104.7 104.8 105.2 110.7 110.6 107.2 107.6 109.6 87.5 118.7 120.2 106.4 110.3 111.4 62.0
4 Dewletên yekbûyî yên Amerîka 72.7 87.8 86.6 81.6 78.5 78.9 88.2 87.0 88.6 86.2 80.6 58.2 91.4 98.1 101.8 89.7 101.4 115.0
5 Russia 71.6 71.7 72.0 71.3 70.5 71.1 71.5 69.4 70.6 68.7 66.9 60.0 68.5 72.4 59.1 n/a[12] n/a[12] n/a[12]
6 Komara Korêyê 67.1 71.4 72.5 71.1 68.6 69.7 71.5 66.0 69.3 68.5 58.5 48.6 53.6 51.5 43.1 23.1 8.5 0.3
7 Tirkiye 35.8 33.7 37.3 37.5 33.2 31.5 34.0 34.7 35.9 34.1 29.0 25.3 26.8 25.8 14.3 9.4 2.5 1.0
8 Almanya 35.7 39.6 42.4 43.6 42.1 42.7 42.9 42.6 42.7 44.3 43.8 32.7 45.8 48.6 46.4 44.0 51.1 41.3
9 Brazîl 31.0 32.6 35.4 34.4 30.2 33.3 33.9 34.2 34.7 35.2 32.8 26.5 33.7 33.8 27.9 20.6 15.3 3.6
10 Îran 29.0 25.6 24.5 21.8 17.9 16.1 16.3 15.4 14.5 13.0 12.0 10.9 10.0 10.1 6.6 1.4 0.5
11 Taywan 21.0 22.0 23.2 23.2 21.8 21.4 23.1 22.3 20.7 20.2 19.8 15.8 19.9 20.9
12 Ûkranya 20.6 20.8 21.1 22.7 24.2 22.9 27.2 32.8 32.9 35.3 33.6 29.9 37.3 42.8 31.8 54.6[12] 52.3[12] n/a[12]
13 Îtalya 20.4 23.2 24.5 24.0 23.3 22.0 23.7 24.1 27.2 28.7 25.8 19.7 30.6 31.6 26.8 25.5 26.5 15.9
14 Vietnam 19.5 17.5 15.5 10.3 7.8 5.7 5.9 5.6 5.3 4.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
15 Mexico 16.8 18.4 20.2 20.0 19.0 18.3 19.0 18.2 18.1 18.1 17.0 14.2 17.2 17.6 15.6 8.7 7.1 3.0
16 France 11.6 14.4 15.4 15.5 14.6 15.0 16.1 15.7 15.6 15.8 15.4 12.8 17.9 19.3 21.0 19.0 23.1 19.6
17 Spain 11.0 13.6 14.3 14.5 13.6 14.9 14.3 13.7 13.6 15.6 16.3 14.3 18.6 19.0 15.8 12.9 12.8 4.5
18 Canada 11.0 12.9 13.4 13.7 12.7 12.5 12.7 12.4 13.5 13.1 13.0 9.0 14.8 15.6 16.6 12.3 15.9 8.8
19 Indonesia 9.3 7.8 6.2 5.2 4.8 4.9 4.4 2.6 2.3 3.6 3.6 3.5 3.9 4.1 2.9 2.8 0.5
20 Egypt 8.2 7.3 7.8 6.8 5.0 5.5 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.5 6.2 6.2 2.8 2.2 1.0 0.4
21  Poland Poland 7.9 9.0 10.8 10.3 8.9 9.1 8.6 8.0 8.4 8.8 8.0 7.2 9.7 10.6 10.5 13.6 19.5 10.4
22 Saudi Arabia 7.8 8.2 5.2 4.8 5.5 5.7 6.3 5.4 5.2 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.6 3.0 1.8 0.1
23 Malaysia 7.1 6.8 4.1 2.8 2.8 3.8 4.3 4.7 5.6 5.9 4.1 4.0 6.4 6.9 3.7 1.1 0.2 0.1
24 United Kingdom 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.5 7.6 10.8 12.1 11.9 9.6 9.5 9.7 10.1 13.5 14.3 15.2 17.8 11.3 24.3
25 Austria 6.8 7.4 6.9 8.1 7.4 7.7 7.9 7.9 7.4 7.5 7.2 5.7 7.6 7.6 5.7 4.3 4.6 3.0
26 Belgium 6.1 7.8 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.2 7.3 7.1 7.4 8.1 8.1 5.6 10.7 10.7 11.6 11.5 12.3 9.7
27 Netherlands 6.1 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.9 6.9 6.7 5.2 6.8 7.4 5.7 5.4 5.3 3.4
28 Bangladesh 5.5 5.1
29 Australia 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.3 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.9 6.4 7.3 5.2 7.6 7.9 7.1 6.6 7.6 6.3
30 Czech Republic 4.5 4.4 4.9 4.6 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.6 5.2 4.6 6.4 7.1 6.2 9.7[13] n/a[13] n/a[13]
31 Thailand 4.5 4.2 6.4 4.5 3.8 3.7 4.1 3.6 3.3 4.2 3.7 3.6 5.2 5.6 2.1 0.7 0.5
32 Sweden 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.62 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8 2.8 5.2 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.7
33 Algeria 4.0 2.7 4.62 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8 2.8 5.2 5.7 5.2 4.5 4.2 4.7
34 Kazakhstan 3.9 4.1 4.0 4.4 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.9 4.7 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.8 4.7 7.4[12] n/a[12] n/a[12]
35 South Africa 3.9 6.2 5.7 6.3 6.1 7.6 6.6 7.2 7.1 6.7 8.5 7.5 8.3 9.1 8.5 8.7 9.1 3.7
36  Pakistan Pakistan 3.8 3.3 4.7 5.0 3.6 2.9 2.4 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.2 2.0 1.1 1.0 0.8
37 Argentina 3.7 4.6 5.2 4.6 4.1 5.0 5.5 5.2 5.0 5.7 5.1 4.0 5.5 5.4 4.5 3.6 2.7 1.3
38 Flag of Finland.svg Finland 3.5 3.5 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.1 4.4 4.4 4.1 2.9 2.5 0.4
39 Slovakia 3.4 3.9 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.6 3.7 4.5 5.1 3.7 5.1[13] n/a[13] n/a[13]
40 Romania 2.8 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.8 3.9 2.7 5.0 6.3 4.7 9.7 13.2 4.1
41 United Arab Emirates 2.7 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.0 2.4 2.9 2.4 2.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 n/a
42 Belarus 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.4 1.5 1.5[12]
43 Portugal 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.3
44  Oman Oman 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.6 2.0 1.9 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.3
Yekîtiya Komarên Sovyet ên Sosyalîst - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 154.4 147.9 96.9[14]
 Hinek din 27.7 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 28.4 29.5 29.9 26.5 (est.) 23.3 (est.) 28.6 (est.) 30.7 (est.) n/a n/a n/a n/a

Hinardekirin[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Di sala 2018-an de hinardekarên pola herî mezin [1]
Çîn Welat Mt
1 çîn 51.4
2 Rûsya 31.5
3 Japonya 29.8
4 Korîya Başûr 27.6
- Yekîtiya Ewropayê [15] 22.6
5 Almanya 21.2
6 Tirkiye 18.5
7 Hindistan 17.1
8 Ukrayna 15.2
9 Îtalya 14.9
10 Belçîka 12.9
11 Brezîlya 10.6
12 Fransa 10.2
13 Taiwan 10.0
Di sala 2018-an de hinardekarên safî(Bêyî Importê) pola yên herî mezin [1]
Çîn Welat Mt
1 Rûsya 26.4
2 Japonya 24.8
3 Korîya Başûr 16.1
4 Ukrayna 13.9
5 çîn 13.5
6 Hindistan 12.1
7 Brezîlya 8.7
8 Tirkiye 6.0
9 Misr 4.4
10 Almanya 3.0

Imports[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

Di sala 2018-an de malanînerê herî mezin [1]
Çîn Welat Mt
1 çîn 37.9
- Yekîtiya Ewropayê [15] 32.6
2 Dewletên Yekbûyî 19.9
3 Almanya 18.2
4 Îtalya 15.5
5 Vîetnam 13.6
6 Tirkiye 12.5
7 Fransa 11.8
8 Korîya Başûr 11.5
9 Polonya 10.8
10 Belçîka 10.4
Di sala 2018-an de malanînerên (Bêyî Hinardekirinê) herî mezin [1]
Çîn Welat Mt
1 Dewletên Yekbûyî 13.6
- Yekîtiya Ewropayê [15] 10.0
2 Erebistana Suûdî 7.2
3 Fîlîpîn 6.6
4 Vîetnam 6.6
5 Polonya 5.6
6 Endonêzya 4.2
7 Îsraîl 3.3
8 Bengladêş 2.5
9 Ozbekistan 2.5
10 Emîriyên Yekbûyî yên Ereban 2.4

Çavkanî[biguherîne | çavkaniyê biguherîne]

  1. a b c d e f g h "World Steel in Figures 2021" (PDF) (in îngilîzî). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-06-28. Retrieved 2021-07-23. Xeletiya çavkanî: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content Xeletiya çavkanî: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content Xeletiya çavkanî: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content Xeletiya çavkanî: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content Xeletiya çavkanî: Invalid <ref> tag; name ":0" defined multiple times with different content
  2. "China's steel sector sees output growth in 2020" (in îngilîzî). Retrieved 2021-03-07.
  3. "Global crude steel output increases by 3.4% in 2019".
  4. "World Crude Steel Production" (PDF). WorldSteel. 2020-01-27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2020-01-30. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  5. "Global crude steel output increases by 4.6% in 2018".
  6. "World Crude Steel Production" (PDF). WorldSteel. 2019-01-25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-02-02. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
  7. "Monthly crude steel production - 2017" (PDF). World Steel Assoctiation. 2018-01-24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  8. "Monthly crude steel production" (PDF). World Steel Association. 24 Apr 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  9. "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2016" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  10. "Steel Statistical Yearbook 2015" (PDF). World Steel Association. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  11. "World Steel Statistics data 2013" (PDF). World Steel Association. 23 January 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  12. a b c d e f g h i j Was part of  USSR USSR until 1992
  13. a b c d e f Was part of Şablon:Daneyên welat Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia until 1993
  14. Hermann, Haack (1 January 1967). "Zahlen und Tatsachen zur Entwicklung der Sowjetunion, 50 Jahre Sowjetmacht". {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. a b c excluding intra-regional trade

 

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